To save content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about saving content to .
To save content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about saving to your Kindle.
Note you can select to save to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be saved to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Seeds with epicotyl dormancy reside in soil up to 15 months (or longer), being exposed to a sequence of temperatures, before seedlings completely emerge (i.e. with both roots and shoots). Heretofore, few studies have examined precise temperatures, especially in sequences, for promotion of radicle and cotyledon emergence and how they relate to environmental cues in nature. Viburnum is the best known genus to exhibit epicotyl dormancy and, as such, we investigated the Japanese V.furcatum, hypothesizing a similar kind and level of dormancy. The underdeveloped embryos in mature seeds in October were spatulate shaped, unlike those in other Viburnum species, and they elongated from late June to August of the following year. Radicles emerged after embryo growth until mid-October, followed by cotyledons from mid-April to mid-May. Temperatures required for embryo growth, radicle and cotyledon emergence in the laboratory approximated closely those in the field. Embryo elongation and radicle emergence occurred at warm temperature regimes, and gibberellic acid (GA3) did not substitute for this warm temperature requirements. Following a 120-d cold stratification of seeds with an emerged radicle, shoots emerged from seeds at 10, 15, 15/5, 20/10 and 25/15°C. We identified that seeds of V. furcatum have deep simple epicotyl morphophysiological dormancy like the majority of other Viburnum species. For propagation of the species from seeds, the nearly 2-year period for seedling emergence could be shortened to 8 months: start fresh seeds at 25/15°C (60 d) and then move them through a sequence of 15/5°C (30 d) → 0°C (120 d) → 20/10°C (30 d).
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.