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A spiraling ion beam propagating through a magnetized plasma cylinder containing K+ light positive ions, electrons, and C7F14− heavy negative ions drives electrostatic ion–cyclotron waves to instability via cyclotron interaction. Higher harmonics of the beam cyclotron frequency can be generated in this way. The unstable mode frequencies and growth rates of both unstable light positive ions and heavy negative ions increase with the relative density of heavy negative ions. Moreover, the growth rate of unstable modes scales as the one-third power of the beam density. The growth rate of unstable modes increases with harmonic number. The frequencies of both unstable modes also increase with magnetic fields. In addition, the real part of both unstable modes (K+ and C7F14−) increases with the beam energy and scales as almost one-half power of the beam energy.
In this paper, composition operators acting on Bergman-Orlicz spaces
are studied, where ψ is a non-constant, non-decreasing convex function defined on (-∞, ∞) which satisfies the growth condition . In fact, under a mild condition on ∞, we show that every holomorphic-self map ∞ of induces a bounded composition operator on and C∞ is compact on if and only if it is compact on .
Characteristics of laser-ablated carbon plasma and properties of diamond-like carbon film in KrF pulsed laser deposition were investigated using laser-induced fluorescence (LIF) and optical emission spectroscopy. Two-dimensional LIF images of C2 (Swan band, d3Φg – a3Φu) and C3 (Comet Head System, A1Φu –X1Σg+) molecules were detected as a function of laser energy density by narrow band pass filters and an intensified CCD camera. C2 LIF intensity is found to be weaker in the central part of the plume than that at the periphery at incident energy greater than 6 J/cm2. It is conjectured that C2 molecules are dissociated by collision with energetic species in the central part of the ablation plume, and degrade the diamond-like property of deposited films.
Dynamics of carbon ablation plasma plume during the preparation of diamond-like carbon films by KrF excimer pulsed laser deposition was investigated using laser induced fluorescence (LIF) and optical emission spectroscopy. LIF signal from C2molecule (Swan band, d 3Φg – a3Φu) was detected using a photomultiplier tube and an intensified CCD camera. Temporal evolution and spatial distribution of C2 molecules in the ablated plume were measured as a function of laser energy density and ablation area. LIF intensity is found to be weaker in the central part of the plume than that at the periphery at incident energy greater than 6 J/cm2. It is conjectured that some of C2molecules are dissociated by collision with energetic species in central part of the ablation plume. Dynamics of ablation plasma plume is strongly dependent on the size of ablated area.
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