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Age constraints are most often placed on globular clusters by comparing their CMDs with theoretical isochrones. The recent discoveries of detached, eclipsing binaries in such systems by the Cluster AgeS Experiment (CASE) provide new insights into their ages and, at the same time, provide much-needed tests of stellar evolution models. We describe efforts to model the properties of the detached, eclipsing binary V69 in 47 Tuc and compare age constraints derived from stellar evolution models of V69A and B with ages obtained from fitting isochrones to the cluster CMD. We determine whether or not, under reasonable assumptions of distance, reddening, and metallicity, it is possible to simultaneously constrain the age and He content of 47 Tuc.
The white dwarf cooling age of a globular star cluster provides a potentially precise method of determining the ages of these ancient systems. This age-dating technique should be viewed as one distinct from that of turn-off ages, with a largely different set of input physics and problems. As such the ages produced by these two methods are complimentary and we seek convergent to the same value. In addition to deep photometry and astrometry of cluster stars, precise distances to the clusters and their reddenings are required. Theoretical models of both main sequence stars and cooling white dwarfs are also needed as well as the masses of the white dwarfs and an initial-final mass relationship. In this contribution I discuss a potentially precise approach to cluster distances via a geometric technique (comparing the internal proper motion dispersion of cluster stars with their radial velocity dispersion) and spectroscopically determined masses of M4 white dwarfs at the top of the cooling sequence. These latter data extend the initial-final mass relationship down to the lowest mass stars that are currently forming white dwarfs.
With ever changing solar abundances being reported the equation of state and opacities needed for stellar evolution models also change. A discussion of those changes in mean molecular opacities will be presented with a discussion on the effect on evolution models. Aside from changing the abundances of the base mixture the enrichment changes too. Traditionally mean opacity tables are produced for oxygen-rich mixtures, however stars will often become carbon-rich. A discussion of carbon-rich opacities tables will also be presented.
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