We have fabricated and studied injection lasers based on vertically coupled quantum dots (VECODs). VECODs are self-organized during alternate short-period GaAs-InAs (InGaAs) depositions after InAs (or InGaAs) pyramids are formed on a GaAs (100). The resulting arrangement represents laterally ordered array of nanoscale structures inserted in a GaAs matrix, where each structure is composed of several vertically merging InAs (or InGaAs) parts. VECODs are introduced in the active region of GaAs-AlGaAs double heterostructure laser. The threshold current density remarkably decreases with increase in number of periods (N) of the VECOD (down to 90 A cm-2 at 300K for N=10). The differential efficiency increases with N and the lasing occurs through ground state of quantum dot exciton up to room temperature (λ=1.05 μm).