Flower, pod and seed development were studied in the cultivars Cita-1 and Cita-2 in two field trials in 1985–86, in Ibadan, Nigeria. Flowering within any inflorescence was acropetal. On each plant the terminal inflorescence was the first to flower and, generally, inflorescences developed basipetally. A total of 569 flowers (mean of five plants) opened on Cita-1; of these, 20 were on the terminal inflorescence, 130 on axillary inflorescences and 419 on inflorescences on primary branches. For the 605 flowers (mean of five plants) which opened on Cita-2, the distribution was 19, 161 and 425, respectively.On Cita-1, 158 pods formed on average, of which 7 were on the terminal inflorescence, 33 on axillary inflorescences and 118 on inflorescences on primary branches lower down the plant. On Cita-2, for the 185 pods counted at maturity, the distribution was 8, 43 and 134, respectively. Some 72 and 69% of the total number of flowers which opened on Cita-1 and Cita-2, respectively, were aborted. In both cultivars, 99% of the mature pods were formed from flowers which opened within 24 days of the start of anthesis; the number of pods retained largely determined seed yield. The inflorescences which developed on the primary branches contributed 70% (Cita-1) and 66% (Cita-2) of the total seed yield. Early-formed pods were heavier than those formed later. Individual pods attained physiological maturity 35–42 days after successful pollination of the flower. At physiological maturity of the pod, the seed contained 3·72 % N, 0·45% P and 2·76% K, and the husk contained 1·98% N, 0·16% P and 1·96% K. The majority of open flowers which aborted were produced on primary branches, indicating that the primary branches have the greatest potential for increasing seed yield. A shorter flowering period might ensure greater retention of open flowers.