To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
In June 1937, Norman Rockwell’s painting The Gaiety Dance Team appeared on the cover of The Saturday Evening Post. The image portrayed Dolores and Eddie, formerly successful stage dancers now rendered broke, unemployed, and bereft of their trademark cheer. Rockwell, ever the astute observer of popular trends and tastes, left no doubt as to why these vaudeville performers were down on their luck. Tucked into Eddie’s pocket is a well-read issue of Variety magazine, teeming with news of a booming motion picture industry that had trampled the live dance and comedy circuit. The cinema had enjoyed a meteoric rise in popularity among Americans during the early twentieth century, particularly with the emergence of the first feature-length sound films of the late 1920s. By the time the Post printed its Dance Team cover, millions of Americans had embraced motion pictures as a new and exciting form of paid entertainment. And because filmmakers mined the past for narrative content, many Americans came to learn US history from the movie house as much as from the library, university, or lectern.
Edible devices are an emergent technology and in this paper the simplicity and efficacy that poly(acrylic acid)/calcium hydroxide possess in creating a pH sensitive ingestible actuator which responds to acidic environments such as gastric fluid is demonstrated. It was found that poly(acrylic acid)/calcium hydroxide hydrogels exhibit reversible actuation upon submerging in 0.1 M sodium citrate for 2 hours. Our results show that these hydrogels can restore their compressive stress to 0.19 ± 0.06 MPa, swelling ratio to 26 ± 2 and volume to 56% ± 3% of its original volume. This work offers new possibilities for developments in a variety of fields such as drug delivery, 4D printed materials, soft robotics and edible devices.
Vicarious liability was, and it remains, curiously unsatisfactory. After a period of stability from the Middle Ages into the early modern period in the late seventeenth into the early eighteenth century, the existing law of vicarious liability began to be challenged. The mid-nineteenth century saw another reappraisal coinciding with the rise of notions of fault. The period that follows, from the late nineteenth century until after the Second World War period has not attracted much comment. One key debate in this period and earlier which provides a useful lens to examine the doctrine was whether vicarious liability should be properly characterised as a master's or servant's tort theory. The history of the doctrine during this period goes some way to explaining why the modern law remains incoherent.
We implemented a guideline for appropriate acid suppressant use in hematology-oncology patients. This intervention resulted in a sustained reduction in proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use without an increase in rates of gastrointestinal bleeding. Practice guidelines are effective in reducing PPI use, which is associated with risk of Clostridioides difficile infection.
In 1837, David Friedrich Strauss intervened in the enormous controversy that had raged around his book The Life of Jesus, Critically Examined since its appearance in 1835. The book was indeed provocative. Not only did Strauss deny the divinity of Jesus Christ as the incarnate son of God. He even left in doubt that Jesus, the man, had actually existed in history. The book shook the Hegelian School to its core, and, surveying the fractures that had emerged, Strauss identified a ‘left’, ‘right,’ and ‘center.’ The crucial dividing line rested on a matter of great concern to Hegel and his followers, namely the relationship between philosophy and Christian doctrine. “There are three possible answers to the question of whether and to what extent the idea of the unity of divine and human nature proved the gospel to be history,” wrote Strauss: “the concept proves either the entirety of the history, merely a part of it, or none of it. If each of these answers and directions were indeed represented by a branch of the Hegelian school, then, using the traditional analogy, the first direction, as standing closest to the long-established system, could be named the right, the third direction named the left, and the second named the center.” On the left, he placed only himself. That situation did not long endure. The radicalization of the Hegelian left proceeded so rapidly that, by 1841, Strauss had broken his ties with the Deutsche Jahrbücher, the main journal of the Hegelian left, no longer able to tolerate the criticisms and gibes of other leading figures such as Arnold Ruge, Ludwig Feuerbach, and Bruno Bauer.
It is something of a truism that each age must work through the legacy of its predecessors. In the case of the nineteenth century, this obvious statement gains poignancy when one considers the novel challenges and possibilities of the eighteenth century, which was, after all, the age of the Enlightenment. In its many guises and national variations, the Enlightenment asserted provocative and epoch-making claims about the role of reason, science, and criticism vis-à-vis the traditional authority of religion, state, and received knowledge. It drew new roadmaps for the conscious and reflexive reform of society and the betterment of people. At its core, it articulated a new emancipatory project – at once philosophical and political – chiefly oriented toward the ideal of individual autonomy. The cultural, social, and political configuration that shaped the Enlightenment came to something of an end in the closing decade of the eighteenth century, partly through processes of internal critique but also, spectacularly, through the political collapse of the Old Regime. In the changed circumstances of the early nineteenth century, the Enlightenment fragmented into a multitude of contests over the meaning of its legacy. What is the status of reason, and what is its proper relationship to other modes of knowledge? What of religion? What is the key discipline or cultural form that will, depending on one’s perspective and priority, advance, hinder, or deepen the impulses of enlightenment? What are the promises and perils of the project of emancipation, and how might it be continued, radicalized, or restrained? Are there limits to the pursuit of individual autonomy? What is the proper relation between the past and the future, tradition and innovation? None of these questions admitted definitive answers, but they fueled creative efforts, debate, and conflict across a great range of intellectual and cultural pursuits.
The Cambridge History of Modern European Thought is an authoritative and comprehensive exploration of the themes, thinkers and movements that shaped our intellectual world in the late-eighteenth and nineteenth century. Representing both individual figures and the contexts within which they developed their ideas, each essay is written in a clear accessible style by leading scholars in the field and offers both originality and interpretive insight. This first volume surveys late eighteenth- and nineteenth-century European intellectual history, focusing on the profound impact of the Enlightenment on European intellectual life. Spanning twenty chapters, it covers figures such as Kant, Hegel, Wollstonecraft, and Darwin, major political and intellectual movements such as Romanticism, Socialism, Liberalism and Feminism, and schools of thought such as Historicism, Philology, and Decadence. Renouncing a single 'master narrative' of European thought across the period, Warren Breckman and Peter E. Gordon establish a formidable new multi-faceted vision of European intellectual history for the global modern age.
Low socioeconomic status (SES) is a barrier for cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk screening and a determinant of poor CVD outcomes. This study examined the associations between access to health-promoting facilities and participation in a CVD risk screening program among populations with low SES residing in public rental flats in Singapore.
Data from Health Mapping Exercises conducted from 2013 to 2015 were obtained, and screening participation rates of 66 blocks were calculated. Negative binomial regression was used to test for associations between distances to four nearest facilities (i.e., subsidized private clinics, healthy eateries, public polyclinics, and parks) and block participation rate in CVD screening. We also investigated potential heterogeneity in the association across regions with an interaction term between distance to each facility and region.
The analysis consisted of 2069 participants. The associations were only evident in the North/North-East region for subsidized private clinic and park. Specifically, increasing distance to the nearest subsidized private clinic and park was significantly associated with lower [incidence rate ratio (IRR) = 0.88, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.80–0.98] and higher (IRR = 1.93, 95%CI: 1.15–3.25) screening participation rates respectively.
Our findings could potentially inform the planning of future door-to-door screenings in urban settings for optimal prioritization of resources. To increase participation rates in low SES populations, accessibility to subsidized private clinics and parks in a high population density region should be considered.
The goal of this study was to evaluate the ability of semantic (animal naming) and phonemic (FAS) fluency in their ability to discriminate between normal aging, amnestic-Mild Cognitive Impairment (a-MCI), and Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
We used binary logistic regressions, multinomial regressions, and discriminant analysis to evaluate the predictive value of semantic and phonemic fluency in regards to specific diagnostic classifications.
Outpatient geriatric neuropsychology clinic.
232 participants (normal aging = 99, a-MCI = 90, AD = 43; mean age = 65.75 years).
Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Controlled Oral Word Association Test
Results indicate that semantic and phonemic fluency were significant predictors of diagnostic classification, and semantic fluency explained a greater amount of the discriminant ability of the model.
These results suggest that verbal fluency, particularly semantic fluency, may be an accurate and efficient tool in screening for early dementia in time-limited medical settings.