Heterogeneity of polyaniline and other conductive polymers in intermediate oxidation states is fundamental problem of physics and chemistry of these ones. Usually only advanced methods may be used for immediate detection of the heterogeneity in the molecular scale range. For the first time we have observed the process of the heterogeneous net-like structure formation in macroscopic scale under the oxidation of the evaporated polyaniline films by aqueous HNO3. and other oxidative agents. Formation of heterogeneous structure is explained in terms of nonequilibrium thermodynamic and chemical kinetics.