To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Although it was widely believed that the end of the Cold War significantly reduced Africa's strategic importance, few commentators acknowledged the unique opportunities it offered for regional cooperation – not least in the field of security. At the same time, the violent internal conflicts that erupted during this period exposed the lack of effective African response mechanisms. In West Africa, the Economic Community of West Africa States' (ECOWAS) intervention in Liberia and Sierra Leone in the 1990s demonstrated the complex challenges of invoking Cold War-era institutions to deal with domestic conflicts. The cooperative security instruments that were developed during the Cold War mirrored the primacy of the “state-centric” approach to security, with its primary focus on interstate security. But, most of the conflicts that erupted in Africa in the 1990s were internal, though with wider regional effects. To adequately respond to and address the new forms of conflict, existing entities were restructured and new ones established. In Africa, the restructuring of ECOWAS, the Southern African Development Coordination Conference (SADCC), and the Organization of African Unity (OAU) are some of the most notable efforts at developing effective conflict management mechanisms. Similar processes took place in East Africa with the transformation of the Inter Governmental Authority in Drought and Desertification (IGADD) and the revamping of the Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS).
The structural transformation of these institutions was underpinned by a paradigm shift in the understanding of security, from state-centric to a more people-centered approach, in other words, human security.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.