The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights has a ‘historic role’ as ‘the first comprehensive international human rights instrument to be legally binding on States parties’.
Mr. Smirnov (USSR) at the 1987th meeting of the Economic and Social Council.
The International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, adopted by the General Assembly on 16 December 1966, entered into force on 3 January 1976, three months after the deposit of the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification, as provided for in article 27 of the Covenant. The event has been described as “an historic event and a signal achievement of the United Nations”. The Covenant has to date been ratified or adhered to by the following 39 States: Australia, Barbados, Bulgaria, Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus; Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, German Democratic Republic, Federal Republic of Germany, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Jamaica, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libyan Arab Republic, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Mongolia, Norway, Philippines, Romania, Rwanda, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Yugoslavia.