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The 9th meeting of the African Society of Human Genetics, in partnership with the Senegalese Cancer Research and Study Group and the Human Heredity and Health in Africa (H3Africa) Consortium, was held in Dakar, Senegal. The theme was Strengthening Human Genetics Research in Africa. The 210 delegates came from 21 African countries and from France, Switzerland, UK, UAE, Canada and the USA. The goal was to highlight genetic and genomic science across the African continent with the ultimate goal of improving the health of Africans and those across the globe, and to promote the careers of young African scientists in the field. A session on the sustainability of genomic research in Africa brought to light innovative and practical approaches to supporting research in resource-limited settings and the importance of promoting genetics in academic, research funding, governmental and private sectors. This meeting led to the formation of the Senegalese Society for Human Genetics.
A highly degraded wetland in the Senegal delta, the Ndiael has been the subject of multiple ecological restoration attempts. One of the options for restoration is a seasonal inundation of the Ndiael. This would strengthen the ecosystem services, benefit and empower the rural communities, and enhance biodiversity. As of 2010, local efforts contributed to a small increase in the inundated area. Subsequent joint actions with a newly established regional water authority will allow for artificial inundations at a larger scale. A local team has mapped the baseline ecological situation and formulated key aspects for the future management plan. In spite of the lack of water, the reserve harbours considerable biodiversity, but there are clear threats. Most significantly, tensions exist between a recently established agro-business, small-holders and the restoration of the ecosystem. If these tensions can be managed in an integrative and equitable way, learning from experiences in the nearby Djoudj and Diawling national parks, a third stronghold for waterfowl may result, as well as enhanced availability of forage for livestock, fish and habitat for wild fauna.
The Republic of Senegal Disaster Preparedness and Response Exercise was held from June 2-6, 2014, in Dakar, Senegal. The goal was to assist in familiarizing roles and responsibilities within 3 existing plans and to update the National Disaster Management Strategic Work Plan.
There were 60 participants in the exercise, which was driven by a series of evolving disaster scenarios. During the separate Disaster Management Strategic Work Plan review, participants refined a list of projects, including specific tasks to provide a “road map” for completing each project, project timelines, and estimated resource requirements. Project staff administered a survey to conference participants.
A total of 86% of respondents had improved knowledge of Senegal disaster plans as a result of the exercise. A total of 89% of respondents had a better understanding of their ministry’s role in disaster response, and 92% had a better understanding of the role of the military during a pandemic. Participants also generated ideas for disaster management system improvement in Senegal through a formal “gap analysis.”
Participants were in strong agreement that the exercise helped them to better understand the contents of their disaster response plans, build relationships across ministerial lines, and effectively enhance future disaster response efforts. (Disaster Med Public Health Preparedness. 2017;11:183–189)
From its earliest days ARLIS has carried out its work through committees and working parties: the Education Committee (which has organised conferences and courses since 1972), two standards working parties (which have produced guidelines on standards for art libraries), the Cataloguing and Classification Committee (which ‘was preceded by working parties on the Dewey Decimal Classification system and on the Anglo American Cataloguing Rules) and the Visual Resources Committee. A diagram shows the relationship of committees and working parties to Council. (The ARLIS committees concerned with the national coordination of art library resources, and with international matters, are discussed elsewhere in this issue of the Journal.)
The literature of art traditionally concentrates on the fine arts and, to a lesser extent, the applied and decorative arts. There is a vast amount of spadework to be done in researching the history of design (especially 20th century design). Often, periodical articles or exhibition catalogues are the only source of published documentation. Since exhibitions are dealt with in another section of the journal, here I shall look at some recent books. I have further limited this selection to exclude architecture and the graphic arts. I have chosen books which are visually stimulating and of use to the practical designer as well as works of a more academic approach.
A book which accompanied an exhibition organised for the 1977 Welsh Eisteddfod is Davies Brothers, Gatesmiths: 18th century wrought ironwork in Wales by Ifor Edwards, Welsh Arts Council/Crafts Advisory Committee (153 Charles Street, Cardiff, CF1 4ED), c. £2.00.111 p. This introductory visual study of the work of the Davies Brothers shows examples of the gates they made for Chirk Castle, Erdigg Hall, Hawkstone Hall and the Parish churches of Wrexham, Oswestry and Ruthin in North Wales. The designs of Archibald Knox for Liberty & Co. by A.J. Tilbrook and Gordon House, London: Ornament Press Ltd., 1976, £10.40,283 p., approximately 300 monochrome photos, is a splendid visual survey of this art nouveau craftsman.
The nature of much material in the art library poses problems of security. Types of material at risk are discussed. Solutions to security are considered: closed access, electronic security devices, owner identification and provision of good photocopying facilities. Efficient library administration (including regular stock checking and enforcing of sanctions) is essential. Planning the library for security is considered. Security is an expensive but important responsibility of the art librarian.
A number of sources of inspiration and information, in addition to books on costume history, are invaluable to the fashion designer and the historian of fashion. They include predictions of style and market trends, visual sources of creative inspiration, and a variety of forms of historical evidence. Sources of information on style and market trends include forecasting services, trade magazines, newspapers, advertising material, and fashion magazines. Sources from which the designer can draw inspiration include paintings and visual imagery from the theatre, cinema, and popular culture. Historical evidence includes portrait paintings, fashion plates and magazines, photographs, literary sources, pattern books, and trade catalogues. Above all, magazines and serial-type publications are crucially important, for the sake of their currency, and later from a historical perspective; access to magazines is facilitated by indexing services.
This study was conducted to determine the additive effects of exogenous growth factors during in vitro oocyte maturation (IVM) and the sequential culture of nuclear transfer (NT) embryos. Oocyte maturation and culture of reconstructed embryos derived from bovine granulosa cells were performed in culture medium supplemented with either epidermal growth factor (EGF) alone or a combination of EGF with insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). The maturation rates of oocytes matured in the presence of EGF or the EGF + IGF-I combination were significantly higher than those of oocytes matured in the presence of only fetal calf serum (FCS) (P < 0.05). The developing NT embryos showed no significant differences in fusion, cleavage or blastocyst rates among the culture groups (P > 0.05). IGF-I alone or in combination with EGF in sequential embryo culture medium significantly increased the ratio of inner cell mass (ICM) to total blastocyst cells (P < 0.05). Our results showed that the addition of growth factors to IVM and sequential culture media of cloned bovine embryos increased the ICM without changing the total cell number. These unknown and uncontrolled effects of growth factors can alter the allocation of ICM and trophectoderm cells (TE) in NT embryos. A decrease in TE cell numbers could be a reason for developmental abnormalities in embryos in the cloning system.
When the reformers began to use the Scripture as a critical norm to flush out biases and problems in the development of the church, the Catholic Church was prompted to reflect on the question of its own position on the authority of the Bible. The understanding of Scripture and tradition became especially apparent at the First Vatican Council of 1869/70. This Council formulated two decrees, one on the Catholic Faith and the other on the Pope. Karl Rahner formulated the idea of sacred writers before anyone had even thought of Second Vatican Council in 1958. The Council had committed itself to a reform process that would put Scripture back into the centre of the church's life and mission. Liberation theology was a significant development which arose in the wake of the Second Vatican Council.
Mentoring Mums, a community-based pilot program, exemplifies a model of volunteer home visiting to vulnerable and socially isolated new mothers and their at-risk infants. An evaluation of the program found that positive changes for both mothers and their babies had been achieved, providing the rationale for exploration of elements that made the mentoring role effective. This article undertakes this exploration through the research question: What do mothers, mentors and workers contribute to the conceptualisation of the mentor role with vulnerable mothers and their infants? The article argues that the program's effectiveness resided in a mentor role that shared primary values of befriending and neighbourliness, rather than in mentors enacting a quasi-professional role. Conceptualisation of the mentor role is based in theory and practice, seeing mentors as straddling the formal world of service intervention and the informal world of kith and kin. It presents ‘befriending’ as part of building substitute networks around very isolated new mothers. The very significant problems experienced by these vulnerable mothers made necessary parallel involvement of a professional volunteer coordinator and ongoing case management. Mentoring did not replace professional involvement, but rather was distinguished as providing something different, but much needed for vulnerable new mothers and their babies.
Stroke usually occurs in the latter years of life, is sudden and all too often unexpected and unforgiving. When non-fatal, stroke, the second leading cause of disability after dementia, is nearly always disabling (World Health Organization (WHO), 2011). Due to common ensuing physical and cognitive impairments, many stroke survivors are unable to care for themselves in the following weeks, months, and possibly years (Lutz et al., 2011). Thus, the caregiver role is instant and often long-term with no or very little time to adapt to the many, varied and immediate challenges.