In this study we investigated the evolution of nickel hydroxide, which acts at the positive electrode of the Ni/Cd, Ni/MH and Ni/H2 alkaline batteries. We found that the addition of bismuth oxide in the course of the active material preparation prevents the dissolution-re-crystallization processes of the nickel hydroxide that are harmful to the electrode efficiency. From XRD and SEM studies, it is shown that treatment of the bismuth doped-nickel hydroxide by hydrogen in 5 N KOH electrolyte prevents metallic nickel formation. Moreover, it appears to stabilize the α-type nickel hydroxide structure, preventing its transformation into the β-Ni(OH)2 phase. Finally, an implementation of these findings towards the most efficient use of nickel positive electrodes is shown.