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In children, otitis media with effusion is treated using grommets or hearing aids. Parents considering treatment options express concerns regarding the psychosocial impact of hearing aids in terms of self-esteem and bullying. This study assessed the psychosocial impact of hearing aid use.
A cross-sectional study was undertaken comparing hearing aid users to non hearing aid users with regard to their attitudes towards hearing aids. All subjects, who had been diagnosed with otitis media with effusion, were aged less than 16 years, were without disability and attended mainstream schools. A questionnaire was designed and utilised.
The study comprised 47 children with hearing aids and 50 with grommets. Significant between-group differences (p < 0.05) were noted with regard to perceptions related to bullying, feelings of inadequacy and embarrassment. The overall negative perceptions of non hearing aid users were not reported by hearing aid users.
Children with hearing aids do not suffer from bullying or low self-esteem to the extent perceived by parents. This information is useful for informed decisions regarding treatment of otitis media with effusion.
Radiologists require accurate clinical information to formulate reports. This is particularly relevant to computed tomography of the temporal bone, in which previous surgery can mimic disease.
The information provided with temporal bone computed tomography scan requests was evaluated. The study aimed to minimise inappropriate requests and improve the clinical value of reports.
A two-cycle prospective audit was undertaken using a proforma designed on the basis of national guidelines. Following the first cycle (in which the requests and reports of 100 scans were evaluated), new guidelines and training were implemented. A follow-up audit (of 50 scans) was then performed.
Following intervention, the percentage of clinically relevant reports increased from 52 to 94 (p < 0.01), whilst unnecessary or inappropriate scan requests decreased from 11 to 2 per cent (p < 0.05).
Optimising the clinical value of temporal bone computed tomography scan requests will have positive implications for patient care, time management and cost. The quality of the clinical information provided can have a significant impact on the clinical value of radiology reports, and can mean that unnecessary irradiation is avoided.
Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare, inherited bone marrow failure syndrome characterised by telomerase dysfunction. This study aimed to demonstrate the importance of recognising that this condition predisposes individuals to head and neck malignancy, and also to discuss the challenges of treatment in such individuals.
We present the case of a 30-year-old man with dyskeratosis congenita, who presented with a squamous cell carcinoma of the posterior pharyngeal wall. The patient was treated successfully with surgical resection.
Dyskeratosis congenita is a rare condition; however, it is vital to recognise the increased risk of upper aerodigestive tract cancers in these patients. Management of such cancers can be particularly difficult in view of the need to avoid DNA-damaging therapies such as radiotherapy.
We report a rare case of bilateral maxillary mucoceles. This was the primary presentation in a child with an underlying diagnosis of cystic fibrosis.
A five-month-old infant presented with isolated symptoms of nasal congestion. Initial examination and investigation with computed tomography identified the cause to be bilateral maxillary mucoceles. The child was investigated for cystic fibrosis and found to be positive. Given the young age and anatomy, a modified surgical approach was used to treat the mucoceles, comprising endoscopic and bilateral uncapping of the maxillary mucocele, uncinectomy, and middle meatal antrostomy. The child was then followed up with appropriate treatment for cystic fibrosis. At six-week follow up, there was no recurrence of symptoms.
Maxillary mucoceles are extremely rare but can present in patients with chronic sinusitis or cystic fibrosis. To our knowledge, there are no prior reports of this condition being the primary indicator of underlying cystic fibrosis in the absence of upper respiratory tract symptoms. Doctors should be aware that mucoceles can present in very young individuals and may indicate an underlying diagnosis of cystic fibrosis. A high index of clinical suspicion will avoid delays in diagnosis and long-term management.
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