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To discuss the technique and outcome of this simple procedure and the management of post-traumatic parotid sialocoeles, and to review the literature regarding this condition.
We report the successful surgical treatment, by peroral drainage, of three patients with post-traumatic parotid sialocoele resistant to conservative management.
We discuss the method and outcome of the surgical procedure performed, along with the causes, presentation and management of parotid sialocoele.
Correct initial management of a parotid duct injury may prevent the formation of a sialocoele. When conservative treatment of post-traumatic parotid sialocoele fails, we advocate the surgical technique described in this report as it is effective, simple and carries minimal risk to the patient.
This paper reviews our experience of ossicular chain injuries following head trauma treated at Groote Schuur Hospital, Cape Town, South Africa.
Materials and methods:
We performed a retrospective chart review of all patients with a history of head trauma and a conductive hearing loss who had undergone exploratory tympanotomy. Sixteen patients were included in the study.
Injury was most common at the incudostapedial joint (63 per cent). Disarticulations of the icudostapedial joint were treated with cartilage interposition in all cases. Audiography showed an improvement in 12 of the patients, with an average improvement of 35 dB.
We discuss the various options available to the otologist to repair ossicular disruptions after trauma. In this series, cartilage autografts were used in most incudostapedial joint injuries, with excellent closure of the air–bone gap.
Cartilage interposition was a very successful method of repairing incudostapedial joint dislocation in this series, at short term follow up.
To discuss the management and to review the literature regarding retained knife blades in the head and neck.
We present three cases in which patients presented with retained knife blades in the head and neck region; in two of these, the diagnosis was delayed by more than eight weeks. In all patients, the retained knife blade was removed through the pathway of insertion, without significant sequelae.
The methods of removal, appropriate radiological investigations and patient profiles are discussed.
We propose that radiography be performed on all patients presenting with facial stab injuries which are anything more than superficial. We further suggest that the direct extraction of sharp objects through the pathway of insertion is safe if radiological studies show no risk of vascular injury.
The buccinator musculomucosal flap is an axial-pattern flap based on either the buccal or the facial artery. We present our experience with this flap and describe its surgical anatomy, the surgical techniques utilised to raise the flap and its clinical applications.
Materials and methods:
We retrospectively reviewed all patients who had had buccinator myomucosal flaps created at the Groote Schuur Hospital between 1999 and 2004. Patients were also recalled to assess flap sensation and to record reduction of mouth opening as a consequence of donor site scarring.
Of the 14 patients who had had a buccinator myomucosal flap created, there was one flap failure. Sensation was present in 71 per cent of flaps, and there was no trismus due to donor site scarring.
The buccinator myomycosal flap is a dependable flap with good functional outcome and low morbidity.
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