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The radiograph is inadequate because it does not show the full pelvis and hips. Otherwise the radiograph shows a displaced subcapital intracapsular neck of femur fracture. I would obtain radiographs in orthogonal views to assess this fracture and consider requesting a CT scan to more fully understand the fracture pattern if necessary.
A traumatized airway can be challenging and requires timely intervention. Improper management can result in high mortality and morbidity, especially in the younger age group. Airway injuries in children occur as a result of direct injury to the airway, or indirect, as in anaphylaxis. Direct injury to the airway can be the result of penetrating or blunt trauma to the upper torso (head, neck, and chest).
This is a copy of the slides presented at the meeting but not formally written up for the volume.
At heterojunctions between different oxide perovskite phases both lattice and electronic structure is modified by the junction. One interesting question that several groups have studied is just how far into the neighboring materials these perturbations extend. We have studied this for insulating phases as well as conducting phases. For insulating phases it appears that the lattice distortions are healed in a layer about one unit cell thick. By stacking different materials each of which is only a single unit cell thick we have obtained materials that exhibit new properties determined by the stacking architecture. For example, superlattices that lack inversion symmetry have a built-in polarization that is controlled by the direction of the strain asymmetry. For conducting phases, the electronic structure also seems to be modified mainly in a layer only a few unit cells thick. We have studied this in superlattices of SrTiO3 and LaMnO3 in which we vary the thickness of the layers. We use optical conductivity to probe the electronic structure in the near infrared to near ultraviolet spectral region. The conductivity is close to the average of the two constituents, but differs in certain spectral regions, especially for the films with the thinnest supercells.This work was supported by the Department of Energy Basic Energy Sciences program at the Fredrick Seitz Materials Research Laboratory at the University of Illinois, Urbana, IL.
We consider a branching random walk on a multitype (with Q types of particles), supercritical Galton–Watson tree which satisfies the Kesten–Stigum condition. We assume that the displacements associated with the particles of type Q have regularly varying tails of index
, while the other types of particles have lighter tails than the particles of type Q. In this paper we derive the weak limit of the sequence of point processes associated with the positions of the particles in the nth generation. We verify that the limiting point process is a randomly scaled scale-decorated Poisson point process using the tools developed by Bhattacharya, Hazra, and Roy (2018). As a consequence, we obtain the asymptotic distribution of the position of the rightmost particle in the nth generation.
For some time now researchers have been looking at the history of the Northeast to understand its peculiarities, uncover the stories of violence and repression that have been part of the lives of people of the region, and examine the processes through which the region was constituted. The border regions of India – like the Northeast – have been until recently neglected in the writing of Indian history, marginalized within the meta-narrative of the nation. Writing the margin into history is an effort to disrupt the self-assurance of hegemonic frames, decentre the focus of historical enquiry. It is to refigure what counts as historically significant, and what is to be considered meaningful.
What does this act of decentring really mean in the context of Indian history? For a long time, it meant that we move away from writing the history of the homogeneous national, to uncover the heterogeneity that disturbs all claims to uniformity; that we shift away from a narrow focus on the core zones, the key areas of progress and development, to the backward regions, from the centres to the peripheries. But we cannot do this simply by integrating the history of the region within the story of the nation, giving the region a voice. For this can reaffirm the certainties of the master frame, creating a space for the region within the master narrative of the nation, without disturbing that narrative. To be meaningful the act of recovery has to demonstrate the historical process through which a region is peripheralized and marginalized, show how the history that unfolds in the margins is often radically different from that witnessed elsewhere. In the context of the Northeast, we need to see how the region was excluded even as it was sought to be absorbed within the nation, how it was constituted as an exceptional space, one where the usual laws and codes of British India would not apply, where practices of governance would follow rules that were different from the normal. We need to examine how the Northeast comes to be historically demarcated as a frontier, as a border, and what such a spatial classification has meant for the people of the region?