To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Mobile decontamination units are intended to be used at the accident site to decontaminate persons contaminated by toxic substances. A test program was carried out to evaluate the efficacy of mobile decontamination units.
The tests included functionality, methodology, inside environment, effects of wind direction, and decontamination efficacy.
Three different types of units were tested during summer and winter conditions. Up to 15 test-persons per trial were contaminated with the imitation substances Purasolve ethyl lactate (PEL) and methyl salicylate (MES). Decontamination was carried out according to standardized procedures. During the decontamination trials, the concentrations of the substances inside the units were measured. After decontamination, substances evaporating from test-persons and blankets as well as remaining amounts in the units were measured.
The air concentrations of PEL and MES inside the units during decontamination in some cases exceeded short-term exposure limits for most toxic industrial chemicals. This was a problem, especially during harmful wind conditions, i.e., wind blowing in the same direction as persons moving through the decontamination units. Although decontamination removed a greater part of the substances from the skin, the concentrations evaporating from some test-persons occasionally were high and potentially harmful if the substances had been toxic. The study also showed that blankets placed in the units absorbed chemicals and that the units still were contaminated five hours after the end of operations.
After decontamination, the imitation substances still were present and evaporating from the contaminated persons, blankets, and units. These results indicate a need for improvements in technical solutions, procedures, and training.
RibordyP, RocksénD, DellgarU, PerssonS, ArnoldssonK, EkåsenH, HäggbomS, NerfO, LjungqvistA, GrythD, ClaessonO. Mobile Decontamination Units—Room for Improvement?. Prehosp Disaster Med.2012;27(4):1–7.
The aim of this project was to develop a Web-based, inter-professional education program on chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) disasters, focusing on making cooperative, on-site efforts during the initial 15 minutes after the event more effective. The program should secure that intervening personnel from the police, health, medical, and rescue services have knowledge and understanding of the initial tasks and strategies of each respective organization in case of CBRN disasters.
Using tabletop seminars based on five scenarios, the strengths and weaknesses regarding accomplishing tasks in case of the CBRN disaster were identified for each organization. Putting further strain on each scenario, the critical levels for satisfactory accomplishment were crystallized. Based on this vital information, all cooperating authorities have, in consensus, decided on the on-site organization.
The project has promoted the development of a profound national cooperation between the police, rescue, medical, and health services. The Web-based program has made the on-site efforts more efficient, focusing on personal and third-party security, on-site organization, zoning, levels of protection, and life-saving decontamination.
This program provides an increased interprofessional understanding of the responsibilities, authority, and capacities of different sectors. This pedagogical program is cost-efficient, applicable at all levels within organizations, secures that everyone receives the same information, available whenever and wherever it is needed, and adjustable. When a participant passes a level, they attain a certificate, thus providing a secure evaluation system where die employer can appreciate the employee's competence.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.