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In face of uncertainty about the Anglican Communion’s future, this article attempts to rearticulate a vision of Anglicanism’s vocation in terms of its incompleteness and provisionality. Drawing from the thought of Michael Ramsey, Ephraim Radner and Paul Avis, I suggest that Anglicanism’s vocation, like that of any church, is to disappear. At the same time, it is a vocation tempered by the knowledge that, even in its incompleteness and provisionality, Anglicanism has a pastoral responsibility to provide care for the Christians within the Communion. Finally, this is a penitent vocation, and one which is held out as an invitation to all Christian churches.
A major advantage of analyses on the food group level is that the results are better interpretable compared with nutrients or complex dietary patterns. Such results are also easier to transfer into recommendations on primary prevention of non-communicable diseases. As a consequence, food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) are now the preferred approach to guide the population regarding their dietary habits. However, such guidelines should be based on a high grade of evidence as requested in many other areas of public health practice. The most straightforward approach to generate evidence is meta-analysing published data based on a careful definition of the research question. Explicit definitions of study questions should include participants, interventions/exposure, comparisons, outcomes and study design. Such type of meta-analyses should not only focus on categorical comparisons, but also on linear and non-linear dose–response associations. Risk of bias of the individual studies of the meta-analysis should be assessed, rated and the overall credibility of the results scored (e.g. using NutriGrade). Tools such as a measurement tool to assess systematic reviews or ROBIS are available to evaluate the methodological quality/risk of bias of meta-analyses. To further evaluate the complete picture of evidence, we propose conducting network meta-analyses (NMA) of intervention trials, mostly on intermediate disease markers. To rank food groups according to their impact, disability-adjusted life years can be used for the various clinical outcomes and the overall results can be compared across the food groups. For future FBDG, we recommend to implement evidence from pairwise and NMA and to quantify the health impact of diet–disease relationships.
The molecular, neurobiological, and physical health impacts of child maltreatment are well established, yet mechanistic pathways remain inadequately defined. Telomere length (TL) decline is an emerging molecular indicator of stress exposure with definitive links to negative health outcomes in maltreated individuals. The multiple confounders endemic to human maltreatment research impede the identification of causal pathways. This study leverages a unique randomized, cross-foster, study design in a naturalistic translational nonhuman primate model of infant maltreatment. At birth, newborn macaques were randomly assigned to either a maltreating or a competent control mother, balancing for sex, biological mother parenting history, and social rank. Offspring TL was measured longitudinally across the first 6 months of life (infancy) from peripheral blood. Hair cortisol accumulation was also determined at 6, 12, and 18 months of age. TL decline was greater in animals randomized to maltreatment, but also interacted with biological mother group. Shorter TL at 6 months was associated with higher mean cortisol levels through 18 months (juvenile period) when controlling for relevant covariates. These results suggest that even under the equivalent social, nutritional, and environmental conditions feasible in naturalistic translational nonhuman primate models, early adverse caregiving results in lasting molecular scars that foreshadow elevated health risk and physiologic dysregulation.
The Rockefeller Clinical Scholars (KL2) program began in 1976 and transitioned into a 3-year Master’s degree program in 2006 when Rockefeller joined the National Institute of Health Clinical and Translational Science Award program. The program consists of ∼15 trainees supported by the Clinical and Translational Science Award KL2 award and University funds. It is designed to provide an optimal environment for junior translational investigators to develop team science and leadership skills by designing and performing a human subjects protocol under the supervision of a distinguished senior investigator mentor and a team of content expert educators. This is complemented by a tutorial focused on important translational skills.
Since 2006, 40 Clinical Scholars have graduated from the programs and gone on to careers in academia (72%), government service (5%), industry (15%), and private medical practice (3%); 2 (5%) remain in training programs; 39/40 remain in translational research careers with 23 National Institute of Health awards totaling $23 million, foundation and philanthropic support of $20.3 million, and foreign government and foundation support of $6 million. They have made wide ranging scientific discoveries and have endeavored to translate those discoveries into improved human health.
The Rockefeller Clinical Scholars (KL2) program provides one model for translational science training.
This list contains results obtained since July 1970. They are mainly hydrologic and geologic samples prepared and counted as described in our previous date list, (Carmi et al., 1971). The coordinate system used to describe sampling locations is the local one.
The Rehovot Radiocarbon Laboratory was established in 1968, as an extension of a low-level tritium laboratory, which has been in operation many years. Intended to be a supporting facility in geohydrological studies, the laboratory now offers general services in carbon dating.
The Plan of Selected Areas was suggested by the late Prof. J. C Kapteyn in 1906. The aim of the plan is to bring together, as far as possible, all the elements which seem most necessary for a successful attack on the problem of the structure of the sidereal world. The first, second and third reports on the progress of the plan were published by the Kapteyn Laboratory in 1909, 1910 and 1923 respectively, the fourth report appeared in Bulletin of the Astronomical Institutes of the Netherlands, No. 211, 1930. Many observatories and astronomers have co-operated on the plan and for the northern hemisphere most of the work has been finished or is now in progress.
At the meeting held at Leiden on July 13, 1928, the Union approved the recommendation of Commission 3 to adopt new boundaries for the constellations north of 12°·5 south declination, these boundaries being, in each case, hour circles or parallels of declination. The Union also approved of a grant to cover the cost of publishing an atlas showing these new boundaries. The boundaries were defined by Mr Delporte of the Uccle Observatory from whom this proposal originally came. Mr Delporte’s boundaries were carefully examined at Yale Observatory in order to make sure that no variable stars would have their designations changed, and that a minimum of stars having Baeyer or Flamsteed designations would be moved to other constellations. After making a few minor alterations on these accounts, Mr Delporte sent his manuscript to the General Secretary, under whose supervision the Cambridge University Press published, in 1930, a volume entitled, Délimitation Scientifique des Constellations. At the suggestion of the present writer this volume extends not merely to 12°·5 south declination, but from pole to pole. Gould had, for the most part, defined the southern constellations by hour circles and parallels; in the few cases where this had not been done, Mr Delporte revised the boundaries accordingly.
The values given below are those published in each annual report of the international latitude work. They were calculated from the observations at five stations, except the last part of 1934 which was made without Kitab, because the observation books from Kitab since November 1934 have arrived too late at the Central Bureau.
In consequence of the decision made by the Fifth General Assembly of the I.A.U. I have been entrusted, from January 1936, with the direction of the Central Bureau for the International Service of Latitudes.
I am much indebted to Prof. Kimura, who preceded me as Director and to Prof. Kohlschütter, Director of the Geodetic Institute of Potsdam, for information and advice, which has been of great assistance to me; therefore I desire to acknowledge to them my deep gratitude.
The first point on the agenda dealt with the standard equinox. The Chairman stated that this Committee had to give their opinion about this point as a consequence of a resolution by the General Assembly.
The Committee adopted the resolution, proposed by Dr Schlesinger, to use 1900 as standard equinox for all catalogues which are not catalogues of precision, and afterwards the year 2000.
In the second place, the Committee discussed the question of the abbreviations for the names of the constellations. The Chairman pointed out that there is a demand for 4-letter abbreviations to be used in cases where a maximum saving of space is not necessary. The proposed 4-letter abbreviations, however, are not intended to replace the 3-letter standard abbreviations as adopted in the meeting at Rome in 1922. Dr Schlesinger moved that the 4-letter abbreviations as used in his Catalogue of Bright Stars be adopted with a few exceptions. Dr Russell suggested a few other exceptions and the Committee finally approved of the following five exceptions: Arie, Cane, Dlph, Tria, and Tr Au, which will be used instead of the abbreviations in the Bright Star Catalogue. In all other cases the abbreviations as printed in the Bright Star Catalogue will be used.
The original period covered by the convention, which brought the Union into existence, terminated on December 31, 1931. An extraordinary meeting of the General Assembly was held in London on September 19,1931, at which a set of new Statutes was approved for the period ending on December 31,1943. An account of this meeting and of the preliminary steps preceding it will be given later in this report.
1. Catalogue of Primary Reference Stars. Two lists of primary reference stars containing, in all, 821 stars were prepared by Prof. Kopff and published in Ast. Nach.224, No. 5375 and 226, No. 5403. These stars were widely observed at the following Observatories: Babelsberg, Cincinnati, Cape, Greenwich, Bergedorf, Heidelberg, La Plata, Leiden, Lick, Padova, Uccie and Washington. The stars were selected to give as uniform a distribution as possible to a distance of I° on either side of the path of Eros according to the preliminary ephemeris of Prof. Gustav Witt (Ast. Nach.224, No. 5375; M.N.R.A.S.85, 997, 1925). The early observations of Eros in the autumn of 1930 indicated that the actual path of Eros deviated considerably from the path indicated by this ephemeris and that the deviation near the time of opposition, when the motion of Eros was almost entirely in declination, would amount in R.A. to about 15 minutes of arc. The primary comparison stars as selected would thus extend on one side of the path, near opposition, to a distance of only 45’. This necessitated either (1) centring the photographic plates on the computed path of Eros, or (2) centring the photographic plates on Eros itself and selecting and observing sufficient additional primary comparison stars to cover the blank strip. It was finally decided to adopt the second alternative and a third list of reference stars, containing eighty-seven stars, was prepared by Prof. Kopff and published in Ast. Nach.240, No. 5756, with a recommendation that sufficient stars of the second list should be re-observed along with the stars of the new list to enable the new observations to be reduced to the system which Prof. Kopff had meanwhile derived from the observations of the two main lists.
In November 1934 the President circulated a letter to the members of the Commission as follows:
Since the 1932 meeting the following projects have been completed, or are nearing completion:
(1)The publication of many lists of trigonometric parallaxes.
(2)The determination of the spectroscopic parallaxes of 4179 stars at Mt Wilson Observatory by Adams, Joy and Humason.
(3)A discussion of systematic errors of trigonometric parallaxes by van Maanen and a re-discussion in the Astrophysical Journal of the same material by Mitchell and by Sterne.
(4)The compilation of a second Yale Catalogue to include parallaxes completed before the end of 1934.
(5)Substantial progress on the proper motions of 32,000 stars by Boss and his associates at the Dudley Observatory.
(6)The publication at the Radcliffe Observatory of the proper motions of 32,000 stars from photographs on 115 Selected Areas.
(7)The completion of the dynamical parallaxes of 2000 stars.
(8)The completion of the proper motions of 18,000 stars derived from parallax plates at the Leander McCormick Observatory.
(9)The publication at the Yale Observatory of the proper motions of 40,000 stars with a probable error less than 0”.010 determined from photographs by re-observing in zones the Astronomische Gesellschaft stars.
(10)The determination of the proper motions of 50,000 stars in the Southern Hemisphere by Luyten from Harvard photographs.