The present experiments were designed to study the effects of Robertsonian translocations on the efficiency and kinetics of in vitro fertilization and early and advanced embryo development. Spermatozoa from bulls with rob(16;20), rob(1;29) and normal karyotype (A, B and C, respectively) were used. Oocytes were matured, fertilized and cultured by the standard protocol described previously. Twenty-four hours after fertilization, adequate numbers of oocytes were fixed, stained and examined. The development of embryos was evaluated on days 2 (D2), 7 (D7) and 8 (D8) after fertilization. The rate of normally fertilized oocytes was significantly lower (p≤0.01) for bull A than for bulls B and C. However, no significant differences in the kinetics of fertilization were found between bulls A, B and C. The D2 cleavage rate of embryos was significantly lower (p≤0.01) for bull A than for bulls B and C. Both D7 and D8 blastocyst rates for bull A or bull B were significantly lower (p≤0.01 or p≤0.01) than those for bull C. The percentages of both D7 advanced blastocysts and D8 expanded blastocysts were significantly lower (p≤0.01) for bulls A and B than for bull C. In conclusion, for rob(16;20), the efficiency of fertilization was strongly reduced; it resulted in low early and advanced embryo development. On the other hand, for the rob(1;29), neither fertilization nor early embryo development were affected and only advanced embryo development was decreased. But for both translocations, blastocyst formation was significantly delayed.