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Treatment of allicin improves maturation of immature oocytes and subsequent developmental ability of preimplantation embryos

  • Sang-Gi Jeong (a1) (a2), Seung-Eun Lee (a1) (a2), Yun-Gwi Park (a1) (a2), Yeo-Jin Son (a1) (a2), Min-Young Shin (a1) (a2), Eun-Young Kim (a3) (a1) (a2) (a4) and Se-Pill Park (a3) (a1) (a2) (a4)...


Allicin (AL) regulates the cellular redox, proliferation, viability, and cell cycle of different cells against extracellular-derived stress. This study investigated the effects of allicin treatment on porcine oocyte maturation and developmental competence. Porcine oocytes were cultured in medium supplemented with 0 (control), 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 or 100 μM AL, respectively, during in vitro maturation (IVM). The rate of polar body emission was higher in the 0.1 AL-treated group (74.5% ± 2.3%) than in the control (68.0% ± 2.6%) (P < 0.1). After parthenogenetic activation, the rates of cleavage and blastocyst formation were significantly higher in the 0.1 AL-treated group than in the control (P < 0.05). The reactive oxygen species level at metaphase II did not significantly differ among all groups. In matured oocytes, the expression of both BAK and CASP3, and BIRC5 was significantly lower and higher, respectively, in the 0.1 AL-treated group than in the control. Similarly, the expression of BMP15 and CCNB1, and the activity of phospho-p44/42 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), significantly increased. These results indicate that supplementation of oocyte maturation medium with allicin during IVM improves the maturation of oocytes and the subsequent developmental competence of porcine oocytes.


Corresponding author

All correspondence to: Se-Pill Park. Faculty of Biotechnology, College of Applied Life Sciences, Jeju National University, 102 Jejudaehak-ro, Jeju-si, Jeju Special Self-Governing Province, 63243, Korea. Tel: +82 64 754 4650. E-mail:
Eun-Young Kim. Mirae Cell Bio, 288 Achasan-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul, 05066, Korea. Tel: +82 2 457 8758. E-mail:


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These authors contributed equally to this work.



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