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Sperm plasma membrane receptors for the porcine oocyte plasma membrane

  • Miguel Betancourt (a1), Yvonne Ducolomb (a1), Irma Jiménez (a1), Eduardo Casas (a1), Edmundo Bonilla (a1) and Trish Berger (a2)...

Abstract

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) was used to assess the ability of solubilised sperm plasma membrane (PM) proteins to inhibit the interaction of intact gametes. This is a first step before evaluating the ability of individual isolated proteins to competitively inhibit sperm-oocyte interaction as part of the process of studying the molecular events of fertilisation. Porcine oocytes were aspirated from ovaries, matured for 48 h in Medium 199, and the zona pellucida (ZP) was removed by exposure to acid Tyrode's solution. ZP-free matured oocytes were exposed to 200–800 μg/ml sperm PM protein for 1 h prior to insemination and during gamete co-incubation. Twenty-four hours after insemination with 5 × 105 capacitated sperm/ml, the oocytes were fixed, stained and examined. Sperm PM protein clearly inhibited IVF in a concentration-dependent manner (r = −0.87). The inhibition index (I50%), representing the sperm PM protein concentration necessary to inhibit IVF to 50% of the control value, was 310 µg/ml. These results demonstrate that solubilised sperm PM protein inhibits the interaction of intact gametes as one might expect for receptor-ligand interactions. Furthermore, the complement of sperm PM proteins appeared maximally effective at a calculated concentration of 690 µm/ml, providing a foundation for further studies with individual proteins.

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Corresponding author

Departamento de Ciéncias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Iztapalapa, A.P. 55-535, Mexico D.F. 09340, Mexico. Telephone: (5) 724 4729. Fax: (5) 724 4727. e-mail: bet@xanum.uam.mx.

Keywords

Sperm plasma membrane receptors for the porcine oocyte plasma membrane

  • Miguel Betancourt (a1), Yvonne Ducolomb (a1), Irma Jiménez (a1), Eduardo Casas (a1), Edmundo Bonilla (a1) and Trish Berger (a2)...

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