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The effects of methyl-β-cyclodextrin on in vitro fertilization and the subsequent development of bovine oocytes

  • Yoshikazu Nagao (a1) (a2), Yuki Ohta (a3) (a4), Hidemi Murakami (a3) and Yoku Kato (a2)

Summary

In this study, we investigated the effects of methyl-β-cyclodextrin (MBCD) on in vitro fertilization and the subsequent development of bovine oocytes. Bovine oocytes matured in serum-free medium were inseminated with frozen–thawed sperm pre-incubated in protein-free modified Brackett and Oliphant medium (BO) containing various concentrations of MBCD for various periods. MBCD decreased the frequency of live sperm, however enhanced the capacitation and acrosome reaction of the live sperm. Pre-incubation of sperm with 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 mM MBCD for 2 and 4 h increased the frequency of normal fertilization. Embryos derived from oocytes fertilized with spermatozoa pre-incubated with MBCD developed normally to the blastocyst stage and term. There were individual differences and similar tendencies in four different sires in terms of the effects of MBCD upon fertilization. These results indicate that the pre-incubation of bovine sperm with MBCD affects viability and capacitation status of the sperm and promotes fertilization in vitro. Embryos derived from oocytes fertilized with sperm pre-incubated with MBCD developed normally to the blastocyst stage and term.

Copyright

Corresponding author

All correspondence to: Yoshikazu Nagao. University Farm, Faculty of Agriculture, Utsunomiya University, 443 Shimokomoriya, Mohka, Tochigi 321–4415, Japan. Tel: +81 285 84 1321. Fax: +81 285 84 1321. e-mail: ynagao@utsunomiya-u.ac.jp

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Keywords

The effects of methyl-β-cyclodextrin on in vitro fertilization and the subsequent development of bovine oocytes

  • Yoshikazu Nagao (a1) (a2), Yuki Ohta (a3) (a4), Hidemi Murakami (a3) and Yoku Kato (a2)

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