Chromatin and microtubule organisation was determined in maturing and activated porcine oocytes following intracytoplasmic sperm injection in order to obtain insights into the nature of sperm chromatin decondensation and microtubule nucleation activity. Sperm chromatin was slightly decondensed at 8 h following injection into germinal vesicle stage oocytes. Sperm-derived microtubules were not seen in these oocytes. Following injection into metaphase I (MI)-stage oocytes, sperm chromatin went to metaphase in most cases. A meiotic-like spindle was seen in the sperm metaphase chromatin. In a few MI-stage oocytes, sperm chromatin decondensed at 8 h after injection, and a small sperm aster was seen. Sperm injection into oocytes at 5 h following activation failed to yield pronuclear formation. Maternally derived microtubules were organised near the female chromatin in these oocytes, and seemed to move condensed male chromatin closer to the female pronucleus. At 18 h after sperm injection into pre-activated oocytes, a condensed sperm nucleus was located in close proximity to the female pronucleus. These results suggest that the sperm nuclear decondensing activity and microtubule nucleation abilities of the male centrosome are cell cycle dependent. In the absence of a functional male centrosome, microtubules of female origin take over the role of microtubule nucleation for nuclear movement.