Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Hydropericardium syndrome in Pakistan: a review

  • A.A. Khan (a1), A.N. Sabri (a1), M.K. Mansoor (a2) and I. Hussain (a2)

Abstract

Hydropericardium syndrome has caused huge economic losses to the poultry industry in Pakistan. The disease was reported for the first time in 1987 at Angara Goth, a broiler producing area near Karachi and given the name Angara disease. The disease is prevalent in 3–7 week old broilers and characterized by its sudden onset, accumulation of a jelly like fluid in the pericardial sac, inflamed liver with basophilic intranuclear inclusion bodies, congested kidneys and up to 70% mortality rates. Fowl adenovirus 4 has been found to be the causative agent. In Pakistan, the status of scientific research on various aspects of hydropericardium syndrome is quite unsatisfactory. There is an extensive use of formalin inactivated liver homogenate vaccines for the prevention and control of disease. Moreover, the gross lesions seen in post mortem examination are only the criteria for the clinical diagnosis of disease. Keeping in view the economic significance of hydropericardium syndrome, the need for additional scientific research on proper diagnosis and control of disease is suggested.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: avianconsultants@yahoo.com

References

Hide All
Afzal, M. and Ahmad, I. (1990) Efficacy of an inactivated vaccine against Hydropericardium syndrome in broilers. The Veterinary Record 126: 5960.
Afzal, M. R.Muneer, R.Stein, J. R. G.Cowen, B. S. (1990) Etiology and control of hydropericardium syndrome in broilers of Pakistan. Proceedings of 3rd International Veterinary Congress,Islamabad, Pakistan 218–228.
Afzal, M.Muneer, R.Stein, G. (1991) Studies on the etiology of hydropericardium syndrome (Angara disease) in broilers. The Veterinary Record 128: 591593.
Ahmad, I.Afzal, M.Malik, M. I.Hussain, Z.Hanif, W. (1989) Studies on the disease pattern and etiology of hydropericardium syndrome (Angara disease) in broiler chickens in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 10: 195199.
Ahmad, I.Malik, M. I.Iqbal, K.Ahmad, K.Naz, S. (1990) Efficacy of formalized liver organ vaccine against Angara disease in broilers. Veterinarski Arkhiv 60: 131138.
Ahmad, K.Hasan, S. (2004) The efficacy of experimental Angara disease vaccines. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 24: 101103.
Akhtar, S. (1994) Hydropericardium syndrome in broiler chickens in Pakistan. World's Poultry Science Journal 50: 177182.
Akhtar, S.Zahid, S.Khan, M. I. (1992) Risk factors associated with hydropericardium syndrome in broiler flocks. The Veterinary Record 131: 481484.
Anjum, A. D. (1988) Study of pathogenecity of hydropericardium syndrome agent. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Hydropericardium syndrome in Chickens in Pakistan,Rawalpindi 111–115.
Anjum, A. D. (1990) Experimental transmission of hydropericardium syndrome and protection against it in commercial broiler chickens. Avian Pathology 19: 655660.
Anjum, A. D.Sabri, M. A.Iqbal, Z. (1989) Hydropericardium syndrome in broiler chickens in Pakistan. The Veterinary Record 124: 247248.
Bhatti, B. M.Qureshi, M. S.Bajwa, T. M. (1989) Hematology and clinical chemistry values in broiler chickens affected with hydropericardium syndrome prevalent in Pakistan. Veterinarski Arkhiv 50: 107111.
Cheema, A. H.Ahmad, J.Afzal, M. (1989) An adenovirus infection of poultry in Pakistan. Revue Scientifique et Technique de l' Office International des Epizooties 8: 789798.
Hassan, S. A. (1989) Pakistan is mystified by hydropericardium syndrome. World Poultry 5: 3537.
Hassan, N. U.Afzal, M.Hameed, A.Khan, A. R. (1994) Immune response to inactivated hydropericardium syndrome vaccine in broilers. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 14: 510.
Hussain, I.Aujum, A. A.Khan, I. U. H. (1996) An oil emulsion vaccine against hydropericardium syndrome in broiler chickens. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 16: 125127.
Iqbal, M. J.Bhatti, B. M.Khan, K. M. (1994) Studies on serum enzymes in hydropericardium syndrome (Angara disease) of broilers. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 14: 8385.
Hussain, I.Munir, R.Akhtar, M.Ahmad, R. (1999) Evaluation and comparison of hydropericardium syndrome vaccines in broiler chicks. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 19: 8890.
Izhar-Ul-Haq, I.Anjum, A. A. (1997) Polypeptides and nucleic acid identification of hydropericardium syndrome agent. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 17: 2123.
Jaffery, M. S. (1988) A treatise on Angara disease (hydropericardium-pulmonary oedema-hepatonephritis syndrome). Journal of the Pakistan Veterinary Medical Association 34: 133.
Khawaja, D. A.Ahmad, S.Rauf, M. A.Zulfiqar, M. Z.Mahmood, S. M. I.Hassan, M. (1988a) Isolation of an adenovirus from hydropericardium syndrome in broiler chicks. Pakistan Journal of Veterinary Research 1: 217.
Khawaja, D. A.Sattar, A.Anwar-Ul-Haq, M. A. M.Hassan, M.Ahmad, S. (1988b) A report on cross protection of IBD vaccine strain D-78 against adenovirus isolated from hydropericardium syndrome in broiler chicks. Pakistan Journal of Veterinary Research 1: 5152.
Mashkoor, S.Hameed, A.Ahmad, K.Qureshi, M. S. (1994a) Immune response of Angara disease (hydropericardium syndrome) vaccines in broiler. Veterinarski Arkhiv 64: 103107.
Mahmood, T.Hussain, Z. (1995) Propagation of Angara disease virus in duck's embryonated eggs. Pakistan Journal of Livestock and Poultry 1: 104105.
Mashkoor, S.Hameed, A.Ahmad, K.Qureshi, M. S. (1994b) Improved Angara disease vaccine for broiler chicks. Veterinarski Arkhiv 64: 103107.
Manzoor, S.Hussain, I. (2003) Reverse passive haemagglutination (RPHA) test for the detection and quantification of hydropericardium syndrome virus (HPSV). Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences 1: 141143.
Muneer, M. A.Ajmal, M.Arshad, M.Ahmad, M. D.Chaudhary, Z. I.Khan, T. M. (1989) Preliminary studies on hydropericardium syndrome in broilers in Pakistan. Zootecnica International 5: 4648.
Naeem, K.Niazi, T.Malik, S. A.Cheema, A. H. (1995a) Immunosuppressive potential and pathogenecity of an avian adenovirus isolate involved in hydropericardium syndrome in broilers. Avian Diseases 39: 723728.
Naeem, K.Rabbani, M.Hussain, M.Cheema, A. H. (1995b) Development of cell culture vaccine against HPS in poultry. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 15: 150151.
Niazi, A. K.Khan, M. Z.Siddique, M. (1989) Haematological studies on naturally occurring hydropericardium syndrome in broiler chicks. The Veterinary Record 125: 400.
Qureshi, A. A. (1988) Hydropericardium and kidney lesions. Poultry International 27: 4850.
Qureshi, A. A. (1989) Hydropericardium and ascites. Poultry International 28: 4448.
Rabbani, M.Naeem, K. (1996) In vitro and vivo evaluation of avian adenovirus isolates from outbreaks of hydropericardium syndrome. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Adenovirus and Reovirus Infections in Poultry,Rauischholzhausen, Germany.
Rabbani, M.Muneer, M. A.Naeem, K. (1998a) Characterization of avian adenovirus associated with hydropericardium. Proceedings of the Second Pan Commonwealth Veterinary Conference,Banglore, India.
Rabbani, M.Muneer, M. A.Naeem, K. (1998b) A dot immunobinding assay on nitrocellulose for the detection of antigens and antibodies of avian adenovirus PARC-1. Proceedings of the Second Pan Commonwealth Veterinary Conference,Banglore, India.
Rehman, S. U.Ashfaque, M.Anjum, A. D.Sindhu, T. A. (1989) Indirect haemagglutination test for detecting Angara disease (hydropericardium) agent antibody. Proceedings of the International Conference and Trade Show on Poultry Production.
Shafique, M.Khan, M. Z.Javed, M. T.Khan, A. (1993) Lesions of hydropericardium syndrome in embryonating eggs and in broiler chicks under immunosuppression. Singapore Veterinary Journal 16–17: 5864.
Zia, M. R.Rehman, S. U.Siddique, M.Sandhu, M. A. (2001) Comparative efficiency of two oil emulsion hydropericardium/hepatitis syndrome. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 3: 436438.

Keywords

Hydropericardium syndrome in Pakistan: a review

  • A.A. Khan (a1), A.N. Sabri (a1), M.K. Mansoor (a2) and I. Hussain (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed