Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Measurement system for over-the-air evaluation of UHF RFID tags quality

  • Riccardo Colella (a1), Luca Catarinucci (a1) and Luciano Tarricone (a1)

Abstract

Radio-frequency identification (RFID) technology is a consolidated example of wireless power transfer system in which passive electromagnetic labels called tags are able to harvest electromagnetic energy from the reader antennas, power-up their internal circuitry and provide the automatic identification of objects. Being fully passive, the performance of RFID tags is strongly dependent on the context, so that the selection of the most suitable tag for the specific application becomes a key point. In this work, a cost-effective but accurate system for the over-the-air electromagnetic characterization of assembled UHF RFID tags is firstly presented and then validated through comparison with a consolidated and diffused measurement systems. Moreover, challenging use-cases demonstrating the usefulness of the proposed systems in analyzing the electromagnetic performance of label-type tags also when applied on different material or embedded into concrete structures have been carried out.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author: R. Colella Email: riccardo.colella@unisalento.it

References

Hide All
[1] Roselli, L. et al. : Review of the present technologies concurrently contributing to the implementation of the Internet of Things (IoT) paradigm. RFID, Green Electronics, WPT and Energy Harvesting, in Wireless Sensors and Sensor Networks (WiSNet), San Diego, CA, 2015, 13.
[2] Sample, A.P.; Yeager, D.J.; Smith, J.R.; Powledge, P.S.; Mamishev, A.V.: Energy harvesting in RFID systems, in 2006 International Conf. on Actual Problems of Electron Devices Engineering, Saratov, 2006, 445449.
[3] Andia Vera, G.; Allane, D.; Georgiadis, A.; Collado, A.; Duroc, Y.; Tedjini, S.: Cooperative integration of harvesting RF sections for passive RFID communication. IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., 63 (12) (2015), 45564566.
[4] Pasca, M. et al. : A UHF-RFID power management circuit for body sensor networks, in Microwave Symp. (MMS), 2015 IEEE 15th Mediterranean, Lecce, 2015, 14.
[5] Traille, A. Georgiadis, A.; Collado, A.; Kawahara, Y.; Aubert, H.; Tentzeris, M.M.: Inkjet-printed “Zero-Power” wireless sensor and power management nodes for IoT and “Smart Skin” applications, in General Assembly and Scientific Symp. (URSI GASS), 2014 XXXIth URSI, Beijing, 2014, 14.
[6] Fantuzzi, M.; Masotti, D.; Costanzo, A.: Simultaneous UHF energy harvesting and UWB-RFID communication, in 2015 IEEE MTT-S Int. Microwave Symp., Phoenix, AZ, 2015, 14.
[7] Nikitin, P.V.; Rao, K.V.S.; Lam, S.: UHF RFID tag characterization: overview and state-of-the-art, in Proc. of AMTA 2012, Seattle, 2012.
[8] Tentzeris, M.M. et al. : Inkjet-printed RFIDs for wireless sensing and anti-counterfeiting, in 2012 6th European Conf. on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), Prague, 2012, 34813482.
[9] National Instruments, Using NI Software and Hardware to Develop and Test RFID Tags. [Online]. Available: http://www.ni.com/rfid/i/ (last accessed 2 September 2015).
[10] Voyantic Tagformance. [Online]. Available: http://www.voyantic.com/ (last accessed 28 November, 2016).
[11] Chen, S.L.; Lin, K.H.: Characterization of RFID strap using single-ended probe. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 58 (2009), 36193626.
[12] Nikitin, P.V., Rao, K.V.S., Martinez, R.; Lam, S.F.: Sensitivity and impedance measurements of UHF RFID chips. IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Tech., 57 (2009), 12971302.
[13] Palmer, K.D., Rooyen, M.W.: Simple broadband measurements of balanced loads using a network analyzer. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 55 (1) (2006), 266272.
[14] Kuo, S.-K.; Chen, S.-L.; Lin, C.-T.: An accurate method for impedance measurement of RFID tag antenna. Progr. Electromagn. Res., 83 (2008), 93106.
[15] Zhu, H., Ko, Y.C.A.; Ye, T.T.: Impedance measurement for balanced UHF RFID tag antennas, in Proc. of 2010 IEEE Radio and Wireless Symposium (RWS), 10–14 January 2010, 128131.
[16] Nikitin, P.V.; Rao, K.V.S.; Martinez, R.D.: Differential RCS of RFID tag. Electron. Lett., 43 (8) (2007), 431432.
[17] Sydanheimol, L.; Nummela, J.; Ukkonen, L.; McVay, J.; Hoorfar, A.; Kivikoski, M.: Characterization of passive UHF RFID tag performance. IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., 50 (3) (2008), 207212.
[18] Adel, H.; Bauer, J.; Grabowski, C.: 3D Passive RFID tag over-the-air measurement, in 6th European Conf. on Antennas and Propagation (EUCAP), Prague, 26–30 March 2012, 15571560.
[19] Catarinucci, L.; De Donno, D.; Colella, R.; Ricciato, F.; Tarricone, L.: A cost-effective SDR platform for performance characterization of RFID tags. IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., 61 (2012), 903911.
[20] De Donno, D.; Catarinucci, L.; Colella, R.; Ricciato, F.; Tarricone, L.: Differential RCS and sensitivity calculation of RFID tags with software-defined radio, in IEEE Radio and Wireless Symp., RWS 2012, Santa Clara, CA, 2012.
[21]“SDR Forum Yearbook 2005,” in Proc. SDR Forum Technical Conf., Orange County, CA, 2005.
[22] Buettner, M.; Wetherall, D.: A Flexible Software Radio Transceiver for UHF RFID Experimentation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, UW TR: UWCSE-09-10-02, 2009.
[23] Thingmagic M6e RFID Reader: [Online] Available: http://www.thingmagic.com/.
[24] Ukkonen, L.; Sydänheimo, L.: Threshold power-based radiation pattern measurement of passive UHF RFID tags. PIER Symp., 6 (6) (2010), 523526.
[25] UPM SD RFID Tag: Available: http://www.upmraflatac.com.
[26] Xerafy Metal Skin RFID Tag: Available: http://www.xerafy.com.
[27] Catarinucci, L.; Colella, R.; Tarricone, L.: Design, development and performance evaluation of a compact and long-range passive UHF RFID tag. Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., 54 (5) (2012), 13351339.
[28] Catarinucci, L.; Colella, R.; Tarricone, L.: Smart prototyping techniques for UHF RFID tags: electromagnetic characterization and comparison with traditional approaches. Progr. Electromagn. Res., 132 (2012), 91111.

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Measurement system for over-the-air evaluation of UHF RFID tags quality

  • Riccardo Colella (a1), Luca Catarinucci (a1) and Luciano Tarricone (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.