Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Weed Suppression for Weed Management in Corn (Zea mays) and Soybean (Glycine max) Production Systems

  • David M. Alm (a1), Loyd M. Wax (a1) and Edward W. Stoller (a1)

Abstract

Reduced herbicide inputs can diminish pesticide movement into water supplies, enhancing environmental quality. A 3-yr study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and economic viability of reducing herbicide inputs by using ultra-low rates (ULRs), consisting of one-eighth the normal use rates of nicosulfuron plus thifensulfuron, delayed planting (DP), or both in corn and soybean. We compared the ULR treatment at the assigned cost of $12.35/ha with three other traditional types of weed management systems in both chisel plow and no-till production schemes. The ULR weed management system suppressed weeds enough to allow economical soybean production all 3 yr of the study, but this system proved viable only during the wettest year for corn. DP was economically competitive with the best systems in both crops under chisel-plowed tillage only in the driest year of the study.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: estoller@uiuc.edu.

References

Hide All
Buhler, D. D., Gunsolus, J. J., and Ralston, D. F. 1992. Integrated weed management techniques to reduce herbicide inputs in soybeans. Agron. J. 84: 973978.
Cashman, C. M., Martin, M. A., and McCarl, B. A. 1981. Economic consequences of bans on corn (Zea mays) and soybean (Glycine max) herbicides commonly used on Indiana farms. Weed Sci. 29: 323328.
Hawkins, D. E., Slife, F. W., and Swanson, E. R. 1977. Economic analysis of herbicide use in various crop sequences. Ill. Agric. Econ. 17: 813.
Kapusta, G. and Krausz, R. F. 1993. Weed control and yield are equal in conventional, reduced-, and no-tillage soybean (Glycine max) after 11 years. Weed Technol. 7: 443451.
Prostko, E. P. and Meade, J. A. 1993. Reduced rates of postemergence herbicides in conventional soybeans (Glycine max). Weed Technol. 7: 365369.
Stemeroff, M., Swanton, C. J., Hamill, A. S., and Brown, R. H. 1988. Economics of herbicide use on corn (Zea mays) and soybeans (Glycine max) in Ontario. Weed Technol. 2: 466472.
Swanson, E. R. and Wax, L. M. 1989. Economic Incentives for Alternative Cropping Systems. Illinois Research, Fall/Winter, 1989. Urbana, IL: Illinois Agricultural Experiment Station.
Willis, B. D. and Stoller, E. W. 1990. Weed suppression for vegetation management in corn and soybeans. Proc. N. Cent. Weed Sci. Soc. 45:9.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed