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Tolerance of Direct-Seeded Green Onions to Herbicides Applied Before or After Crop Emergence

  • Jason K. Norsworthy (a1), John P. Smith (a2) and Charles Meister (a3)

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted in 2004 and 2005 to determine the tolerance of direct-seeded green onion to selected herbicides applied before or after green onion emergence. Preemergence herbicides included S-metolachlor, pendimethalin, dimethenamid, quinclorac, pronamide, ethofumesate, and DCPA, a registered standard. Herbicide applied to two- to three-leaf green onion included glyphosate, trifloxysulfuron, flumioxazin, phenmedipham, ethalfluralin, pendimethalin, S-metolachlor, and oxyfluorfen. Plots were cultivated and hand weeded to minimize negative effects of weed interference on the crop. All herbicides applied at seeding, excluding DCPA, caused excessive injury (>25%) to green onion in at least 1 of 2 years. Oxyfluorfen, ethalfluralin, or S-metolachlor applied after crop emergence caused less than 10% injury in both years to green onion. Green onion yields following treatment with oxyfluorfen, ethalfluralin, or S-metolachlor were equivalent to the nontreated control. All other herbicides applied after crop emergence resulted in height, density, or yield reductions relative to a nontreated control in at least 1 of 2 years.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: jnorswo@clemson.edu

References

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Tolerance of Direct-Seeded Green Onions to Herbicides Applied Before or After Crop Emergence

  • Jason K. Norsworthy (a1), John P. Smith (a2) and Charles Meister (a3)

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