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Survey of bearded sprangletop (Leptochloa fusca spp. fasicularis) response to clomazone in California rice

  • Katie E. Driver (a1), Kassim Al-Khatib (a2) and Amar Godar (a3)

Abstract

Bearded sprangletop is a problematic weed in California rice production and few herbicides provide effective control. As control of bearded sprangletop has declined, grower suspicion of resistance to clomazone has increased, because of the continuous rice cropping system and herbicide dependence in the region. The objectives of this research were to confirm clomazone resistance in bearded sprangletop populations and determine the level of resistance. Seed from 21 suspected clomazone-resistant populations was collected from the California rice growing region. A greenhouse experiment was conducted to determine population sensitivity to clomazone. Clomazone was applied into the water to emerging seedlings. Plant ht and control of bearded sprangletop were recorded weekly for 3 wk, plants were then harvested, and dry weight was measured. Of the populations tested, 17 were susceptible and four (5%) were resistant to clomazone. A dose-response assay was conducted using eight doses ranging from an eighth of the full rate to 12 times the full rate. The three most resistant populations had resistant-to susceptible ratios of 1.25×, 2×, and 5× the labeled rate of clomazone. The use of clomazone in California rice production is beneficial; however, it should be used at the appropriate timing and as part of an herbicide program to prevent further development of clomazone resistance.

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Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Kassim Al-Khatib, Melvin Androus Endowed Professor for Weed Science, Dept. of Plant Sciences, MS4, University of California, Davis, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA, 95616. Email: kalkhatib@ucdavis.edu

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Associate Editor: Jason Bond, Mississippi State University

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References

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Keywords

Survey of bearded sprangletop (Leptochloa fusca spp. fasicularis) response to clomazone in California rice

  • Katie E. Driver (a1), Kassim Al-Khatib (a2) and Amar Godar (a3)

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