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Sensitivity of Dry Bean to Herbicides Applied Preplant for Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed Control in a Strip-Tillage Cropping System

  • Nader Soltani (a1), Christy Shropshire (a2) and Peter H. Sikkema (a3)

Abstract

During 2016 and 2017, four field experiments were conducted at Huron Research Station near Exeter, ON, to evaluate the sensitivity of dry bean grown under a strip-tillage cropping system, to potential herbicides for the control of glyphosate-resistant (GR) horseweed. At 8 wk after emergence (WAE), saflufenacil, metribuzin, saflufenacil+metribuzin, 2,4-D ester, flumetsulam, cloransulam-methyl, and chlorimuron-ethyl caused 13% to 32%, 8% to 52%, 32% to 53%, 5% to 7%, 13% to 21%, 16% to 29%, and 23% to 43% visible injury in dry beans, respectively. Saflufenacil decreased aboveground biomass 65% in kidney bean and 80% in white bean. Metribuzin decreased biomass 82% in kidney bean and 50% in white bean. Saflufenacil+metribuzin decreased biomass 88% in kidney bean, 68% in small red bean, and 80% in white bean. Chlorimuron-ethyl decreased biomass 40% in white bean. There was no decrease in dry bean biomass with the other herbicides evaluated. Metribuzin and saflufenacil+metribuzin reduced kidney bean seed yield 72% and 76%, respectively. Saflufenacil+metribuzin, flumetsulam, cloransulam-methyl, and chlorimuron-ethyl reduced small red bean seed yield 39%, 27%, 30%, and 54%, respectively. Saflufenacil, metribuzin, saflufenacil+metribuzin, flumetsulam, cloransulam-methyl, and chlorimuron-ethyl reduced seed yield of white bean 52%, 32%, 62%, 33%, 42%, and 62%, respectively. There was no decrease in dry bean yield with the other herbicides evaluated. Among herbicides evaluated, 2,4-D ester caused the least crop injury with no effect in dry bean seed yield.

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Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Nader Soltani, Department of Plant Agriculture, University of Guelph Ridgetown Campus, 120 Main Street East, Ridgetown, ON N0P 2C0. (Email: soltanin@uoguelph.ca)

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Cite this article: Soltani N, Shropshire C, Sikkema PH (2019) Sensitivity of dry bean to herbicides applied preplant for glyphosate-resistant horseweed control in a strip-tillage cropping system. Weed Technol 33:178–184. doi: 10.1017/wet.2018.107

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References

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Sensitivity of Dry Bean to Herbicides Applied Preplant for Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed Control in a Strip-Tillage Cropping System

  • Nader Soltani (a1), Christy Shropshire (a2) and Peter H. Sikkema (a3)

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