Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Orchard Floor Management Influence on Summer Annual Weeds and Young Peach Tree Performance

  • Robert D. Belding (a1), Bradley A. Majek (a1), Gail R. W. Lokaj (a1), Jeffrey Hammerstedt (a1) and Albert O. Ayeni (a1)...

Abstract

This study compared the effect of weed control and orchard floor management (OFMA) options including organic mulch on summer annual weed interference in a newly established peach orchard. Weed interference where no preemergence (PRE) herbicides were applied, including vole damage, caused 29% peach tree mortality, reduced tree trunk cross-sectional area (TCSA) 62% by the fourth year of orchard establishment, and reduced fruit yield and fruit number in 1999 by 73 and 75%, respectively, but had no effect on fruit size. Compared with a no-till or conventionally tilled orchard floor, the population of grassy weeds within the tree row was greater in killed perennial ryegrass sod (PRS) plus hard fescue residue mulch treatments but was less in killed PRS plus tall fescue residue mulch treatments. Among the no-PRE treatments, the tree row broadleaf weed populations were suppressed in killed PRS with or without the addition of fescue residue mulch to the tree row when compared with the no-till or conventionally tilled orchard floor treatments. PRE herbicide treatments strongly affected peach fruit yield and TCSA but not average fruit size. There was no effect among the killed PRS, with or without hard or tall fescue residue mulch treatments, on peach fruit yield, TCSA, or average fruit size when compared with the no-till or conventionally tilled orchard floor treatment options. All treatments with herbicide had higher yields in 1999 than those without herbicides.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: belding@aesop.rutgers.edu

References

Hide All
Belding, R. D. 1997–1998. New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide. E002J, E002K. Cook College, New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Cooperative Extension. Pp. 4354.
Belding, R. D. and Lokaj, G. R. W. 1999. New Jersey Commercial Tree Fruit Production Guide 1999. E002L. Cook College, New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers Cooperative Extension. Pp. 5566.
Childers, N. F. 1949. Fruit Science, Orchard and Small Fruit Management. New York: J. B. Lippincott. Pp. 9598.
Childers, N. F., Morris, J. R., and Sibbett, G. S. 1995. Modern Fruit Science. Gainesville, FL: Horticultural Publications. 248 p.
Derr, J. F. 2001. Biological assessment of herbicide use in apple production I. Background and current use estimates. Hortic. Technol. 11:1119.
Heckman, J. R. and Kluchinski, D. 1996. Chemical composition of municipal leaf waste and hand collected urban leaf litter. J. Environ. Qual. 25:355362.
Merwin, I., Ray, J. A., and Curtis, P. D. 1999. Orchard groundcover management systems affect meadow vole populations and damage to apple trees. HortScience. 34:271274.
Merwin, I., Ray, J. A., Steenhuis, T. S., and Boll, J. 1996. Groundcover management systems influence fungicide and nitrate-N concentrations in leachate and runoff from a New York orchard. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 121:249257.
Merwin, I., Rosenberger, D., Engle, C., Rist, D., and Fargione, M. 1995. Comparing mulches, herbicides, and cultivation as orchard groundcover management systems. HortTechnology. 5:151158.
Merwin, I. and Stiles, W. C. 1994a. Orchard groundcover management impacts on apple tree growth and yield, and nutrient availability and uptake. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 119:209215.
Merwin, I. and Stiles, W. C. 1994b. Orchard groundcover management impacts on soil physical properties. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 119:216222.
Miller, S. S. 1983. Response of young “Topred Delicious” apple trees to orchard floor management and fertilization [yield efficiency]. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 108:638642.
Naor, A., Hupert, H., Greenblat, Y., Peres, M., Kaufman, A., and Klein, I. 2001. The response of nectarine fruit size and midday stem water potential to irrigation level in stage III and crop load. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 126:140143.
Neilsen, G. H. and Hogue, E. J. 1992. Long-term effects of orchard soil management on tree vigor and extractable soil nutrients. Can. J. Soil Sci. 72:617621.
Parker, M. L. and Meyer, J. R. 1996. Peach tree vegetative and root growth respond to orchard floor management. HortScience. 31:330333.
[SAS] Statistical Analysis Systems. 1999–2000. SAS System for Windows. Release 8.01. Cary, NC: Statistical Analysis Systems Institute.
Sullivan, T. P. and Hogue, E. J. 1987. Influence of orchard floor management on vole and pocket gopher populations and damage in apple orchards. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 112:972977.
Welker, W. V. and Glenn, D. M. 1985. The relationship of sod proximity to the growth and nutrient composition of newly planted peach trees. HortScience. 20:417418.
Welker, W. V. and Glenn, D. M. 1988. Growth response of young peach trees and changes in soil characteristics with sod and conventional planting systems. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 113:652656.
Welker, W. V. and Glenn, D. M. 1990. Peach tree growth as influenced by grass species used in a killed sod planting system. HortScience. 25:514515.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed