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Influence of Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) Growth Stage on Response to Glyphosate Applications

  • Mark J. VanGessel (a1), Barbara A. Scott (a1), Quintin R. Johnson (a1) and Susan E. White-Hansen (a1)

Abstract

Infestations of glyphosate-resistant (GR) horseweed have become widespread in the eastern United States. This biotype is problematic in no-tillage production that relies extensively on glyphosate for weed control. Because horseweed is treated at various stages of growth, a greenhouse study explored rate response of glyphosate-resistant and -susceptible horseweed at three growth stages. GR horseweed was more responsive to glyphosate at the seedling stage than at the large rosette or bolting stages. A field study evaluated GR horseweed response when treated with glyphosate at soybean planting time, POST in-crop (about 45 d after planting), or both at planting and POST in-crop. There was a cumulative effect of the at-planting followed by POST in-crop glyphosate applications. When evaluating single glyphosate applications, the at-planting application was more effective at suppressing GR horseweed than a POST in-crop application. Because glyphosate cannot control GR horseweed, this biotype should be controlled with an herbicide with an alternate mode of action and applied at the most effective timing.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: mjv@udel.edu.

References

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Keywords

Influence of Glyphosate-Resistant Horseweed (Conyza canadensis) Growth Stage on Response to Glyphosate Applications

  • Mark J. VanGessel (a1), Barbara A. Scott (a1), Quintin R. Johnson (a1) and Susan E. White-Hansen (a1)

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