Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Effect of rate and timing of indaziflam on ‘Sunbelt’ and muscadine grape

  • Nicholas T. Basinger (a1), Katherine M. Jennings (a2), David W. Monks (a3) and Wayne E. Mitchem (a4)

Abstract

Studies were conducted at six locations across North Carolina to determine tolerance of ‘Sunbelt’ grape (bunch grape) and muscadine grape (‘Carlos’, ‘Triumph’, ‘Summit’) to indaziflam herbicide. Treatments included indaziflam (0, 50, 73 g ai ha–1) or flumioxazin (213 g ai ha–1) applied alone in April, and sequential applications of indaziflam (36, 50, 73 g ai ha–1) or flumioxazin (213 g ai ha–1) applied in April followed by the same rate applied in June. No crop injury was observed across locations. Muscadine yield was not affected by herbicide treatments. Yield of ‘Sunbelt’ grape increased with sequential applications of indaziflam at 73 g ha–1 when compared to a single application of indaziflam at 50 g ha–1 or flumioxazin at 213 g ha–1 in 2015. Sequential applications of flumioxazin at 213 g ha–1 reduced ‘Sunbelt’ yield compared to a single application of indaziflam at 73 g ha–1 in 2016. Trunk cross-sectional area was unaffected by herbicide treatments. Fruit quality (soluble solids concentration, titratable acidity, and pH) for muscadine and bunch grape was not affected by herbicide treatments. Indaziflam was safe to use at registered rates and could be integrated into weed management programs for southern US vineyards.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Nicholas T. Basinger, Email: Nicholas.Basinger@uga.edu

References

Hide All
Abit, MJM, Rainbolt, CM, Krutz, LJ, Shaner, DL, Hanson, BD (2012) Effects of long-term use on simazine dissipation in central California vineyards. Weed Sci 60:531536
Agusti-Brisach, C, Gramaje, D, León, M, Garcia-Jiménez, J, Armengol, J (2011) Evaluation of vineyard weeds as potential hosts of black-foot and Petri disease pathogens. Plant Dis 95:803810
Alcorta, M, Fidelibus, MW, Steenwerth, KL, Shrestha, A (2011) Effect of vineyard row orientation on growth and phenology of glyphosate-resistant and glyphosate-susceptible horseweed (Conyza canadensis). Weed Sci 59:5560
Anonymous (2012) Alion® Herbicide Product Label. Research Triangle Park, NC: Bayer CropScience. 63 p.
Anonymous (2017) Alion® Herbicide Product Label. Research Triangle Park, NC: Bayer CropScience. 63 p.
Basinger, NT, Jennings, KM, Monks, DW, Mitchem, WE, Chaudhari, S, Heitman, JL, Havlin, JL, Howard, AM, Spayd, SE (2018) Vegetation-free strip width affects growth, berry composition, and yield of Cabernet Franc in vigorous growing environments. Catalyst 2:1523
Beckie, HJ, Harker, KN (2017) Our top 10 herbicide-resistant weed management practices. Pest Manag Sci 73:10451052C
Carpio, CE, Safley, CD, Poling, EB (2008) Estimated costs and investment analysis of producing and harvesting muscadine grapes in the southeastern United States. HortTechnol 18:308317
Celette, F, Findeling, A, Gary, C (2009) Competition for nitrogen in an unfertilized intercropping system: the case of an association of grapevine and grass cover in a Mediterranean climate. Eur J Agron 30:4151
Coombe, BG (1995) Adoption of a system for identifying grapevine growth stages. Aust J Grape Wine Res 1:100110
Frans, R, Talbert, R, Marx, D, Crowley, H (1986) Experimental design and techniques for measuring and analyzing plant responses to weed control practices. Pages 2946 in Camper, ND, ed., Research Methods in Weed Science. 3rd edn. Champaign, IL: Southern Weed Science Society
Gonzalez-Delgado, AM, Ashigh, J, Shukla, MK, Perkins, R (2015) Mobility of indaziflam influenced by soil properties in a semi-arid area. PLOS one 10(5):e0126100. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126100
Hatch, TA, Hickey, CC, Wolf, TK (2011) Cover crop, rootstock, and root restriction regulate vegetative growth of Cabernet Sauvignon in a humid environment. Am J Enol Vitic 62:298311
Havlin, JL, Hardy, DH, Ghel, RJ, Spayd, SE (2012) Survey of nutrient status in Vitis vinifera grapes in North Carolina. Commun Soil Sci Plan 43:299314
Heap, I (2018) International Survey of Herbicide Resistant Weeds. www.weedscience.org. Accessed: March 20, 2018
Hickey, CC, Hatch, TA, Stallings, J, Wolf, TK (2016) Under-trellis cover crop and rootstock affect growth, yield components, and fruit composition of Cabernet Sauvignon. Am J Enol Vitic 67:281295
Holland, S, Howard, A, Heitman, JL, Sauer, TJ, Giese, W, Sutton, TB, Agam, N, Havlin, J (2014) Implications of tall fescue for inter-row water dynamics in a vineyard. Agron J 106:12671274
Jefferies, MD, Gannon, TW (2016) Soil organic matter content and volumetric water content affect indaziflam soil bioavailability. Weed Sci 64:757765
Jhala, AJ, Singh, M (2012) Leaching of indaziflam compared with residual herbicides common in Florida citrus. Weed Technol 26:602607
Kadir, S, Al-Khatib, K (2006) Weed control in grape after fall and spring application of selected herbicides. Weed Technol 20:7480
Meyers, SL, Jennings, KM, Monks, DW, Mitchem, WE (2014) Effect of weed-free strip width on newly established ‘Navaho’ blackberry growth, yield, and fruit quality. Weed Technol 28:426431
Nita, M, Brannen, PM, Burrack, HJ, Pfeiffer, DG, Mitchem, WE, Lockwood, DW, Sial, AA (2017) Southeast Regional Bunch Grape Integrated Management Guide. 76 p. http://www.smallfruits.org/assets/documents/ipm-guides/2017/2017BunchGrapeSprayGuide10-2-2017.pdf. Accessed: December 9, 2018
Parker, ML, Meyer, JR (1996) Peach tree vegetative and root growth respond to orchard floor management. HortScience 31:330333
Sanguankeo, PP, Leon, RG, Malone, J (2009) Impact of weed management practices on grapevine growth and yield components. Weed Sci 57:103107
Smart, RE, Robinson, MD (2001) Sunlight into Wine: A Handbook for Winegrape Canopy Management. 8th edn. Wellington, NZ: Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries. 88 p.
Spayd, SE, Wample, RL, Evans, RG, Stevens, RG, Seymour, BJ, Nagel, CW (1994) Nitrogen fertilization of white Riesling grapes in Washington. Must and wine composition. Am J Enol Vitic 45:3442
Streigler, RK, Carter, PM, Morris, JR, Clark, JR, Threlfall, RT, Howard, LR (2005) Yield, quality, and nutraceutical potential of selected muscadine cultivars grown in southwestern Arkansas. HortTechnol 15:276284
[USDA] US Department of Agriculture (2017) Quick Statistics. Washington, DC: US Department of Agriculture. https://quickstats.nass.usda.gov/. Accessed: December 9, 2018
Wheeler, SJ, Black, AS, Pickering, GJ (2005) Vineyard floor management improves wine quality in highly vigorous Vitis vinifera ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’ in New Zealand. New Zeal J Crop Hort 33:317328
Wistrom, C, Purcell, AH (2005) The fate of Xylella fastidiosa in vineyard weeds and other alternative hosts in California. Plant Dis 89:944999

Keywords

Effect of rate and timing of indaziflam on ‘Sunbelt’ and muscadine grape

  • Nicholas T. Basinger (a1), Katherine M. Jennings (a2), David W. Monks (a3) and Wayne E. Mitchem (a4)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.