Skip to main content Accessibility help

Characterization of Chlorsulfuron Resistant and Susceptible Kochia (Kochia scoparia)

  • Curtis R. Thompson (a1), Donald C. Thill (a1), Carol A. Mallory-Smith (a1) and Bahman Shafii (a2)


Kansas and North Dakota kochia populations identified as chlorsulfuron resistant (R) contained 20 and 30% susceptible (S) plants, respectively. Biotypes that were chlorsulfuron R or S were selected from each field R or S collection and selfed through three generations in the greenhouse. Chlorsulfuron at 7.6 and 17.8 g ai/ha suppressed shoot biomass of the Kansas and North Dakota R biotypes by 50%, respectively, which was a 30- and 105-fold greater dose than that required to reduce the respective S biotypes growth 50%. The R and S kochia biotypes are diploid with 2N = 18 chromosomes. Chlorsulfuron resistance is inherited in kochia as a dominant trait controlled by a single nuclear gene. Thus, the resistance trait can be spread by seed and pollen.



Hide All
1. Beyer, E. M., Duffy, M. J., Hay, J. V., and Schlueter, D. D. 1988. Sulfonylureas. p. 117189 in Kearney, P. C. and Kaufman, D. D., eds. Herbicide Chemistry, Degradation, and Mode of Action. Vol 3. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York.
2. Chaleff, R. S. and Ray, T. B. 1984. Herbicide-resistant mutants from tobacco cell cultures. Science. 223:11481152.
3. Christoffoleti, P. J. and Westra, P. 1992. Competition and coexistence of sulfonylurea resistant and susceptible kochia (Kochia scoparia) biotypes in unstable environments. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Abstr. 32:51.
4. Christopher, J. T. 1992. Mechanisms of resistance to herbicides which inhibit acetolactate synthase in annual ryegrass (Lolium rigidum). Ph.D. thesis. Univ. of Adelaide, Australia. p. 197214.
5. Conard, S. G. and Radosevich, S. R. 1979. Ecological fitness of Senecio vulgaris and Amaranthus retroflexus biotypes susceptible and resistant to atrazine. J. Appl. Ecol. 16:171177.
6. Cooper, G. O. 1935. Cytological studies in the Chenopodiaceae I. Microsporogenesis and pollen development. Bot. Gaz. 97:169178.
7. Gressel, J. and Segel, L. A. 1978. The paucity of plants evolving genetic resistant to herbicides: possible reasons and implications. J. Theor. Biol. 75:349371.
8. Gressel, J. and Segel, L. A. 1982. Interrelating factors controlling the rate of appearance of resistance: The outlook for the future. p. 325347 in LeBaron, H. M. and Gressel, J., eds. Herbicide Resistance in Plants. John Wiley & Sons, New York.
9. Gressel, J. and Segel, L. A. 1990. Modelling the effectiveness of herbicide rotations and mixtures as strategies to delay or preclude resistance. Weed Technol. 4:186198.
10. Guttieri, M. J., Eberlein, C. V., Mallory-Smith, C. A., Thill, D. C., and Hoffman, D. L. 1992. DNA sequence variation in Domain A of the acetolactate synthase genes of herbicide-resistant and -susceptible weed biotypes. Weed Sci. 40:670676.
11. Harms, C. T., Montoya, A. L., Privalle, L. S., and Briggs, R. W. 1990. Genetic and biochemical characterization of corn inbred lines tolerant to the sulfonylurea herbicide primisulfuron. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:353358.
12. Jacobs, B. F., Duesing, J. H., Antonovics, J., and Patterson, D. T. 1988. Growth performance of triazine-resistant and -susceptible biotypes of Solanum nigrum over a range of temperatures. Can. J. Bot. 66:847850.
13. Love, A. and Love, D. 1961. Chromosome numbers of central and northwest European plant species. Opera Botanica. Soc. Bot. Lund. 5:137. Almqvist and Wiksell, Stockholm, Sweden.
14. Mallory-Smith, C. A., Thill, D. C., and Dial, M. J. 1990. Identification of sulfonylurea herbicide-resistant prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola) . Weed Technol. 4:163168.
15. Mallory-Smith, C. A., Thill, D. C., Dial, M. J., and Zemetra, R. S. 1990. Inheritance of sulfonylurea herbicide resistance in Lactuca spp. Weed Technol. 4:787790.
16. Maxwell, B. D., Roush, M. L., and Radosevich, S. R. 1990. Predicting the evolution and dynamics of herbicide resistance in weed populations. Weed Technol. 4:213.
17. McSheffrey, S. A., McHughen, A., and Devine, M. D. 1992. Characterization of transgenic sulfonylurea-resistant flax (Linum usitatissimum). Theor. Appl. Genet. 84:480486.
18. Miki, B. L., Labbe, H., Hattori, J., Ouellet, T., Gabard, J., Sunohara, G., Charest, P. J., and Iyer, V. N. 1990. Transformation of Brassica napus canola cultivars with Arabidopsis thaliana acetohydroxyacid synthase genes and analysis of herbicide resistance. Theor. Appl. Genet. 80:449458.
19. Mortimer, A. M., Ulf-Hansen, P. F., and Putwain, P. D. 1992. Modelling herbicide resistance—A study of ecological fitness. p. 283306 in Denholm, I., Devonshire, A. L., and Hollomons, D. W., eds. Resistance '91: Achievements and Developments in Combatting Pesticide Resistance. Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd., Essex, UK.
20. Mulugeta, D., Fay, P. K., Dyer, W. E., and Talbert, L. E. 1991. Inheritance to the sulfonylurea herbicides in Kochia scoparia . Proc. West. Soc. Weed Sci. 44:81.
21. Mulugeta, D., Fay, P. K., and Dyer, W. E. 1992. The role of pollen in the spread of sulfonylurea resistant Kochia scoparia . Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Abstr. 32:48.
22. Newhouse, K., Singh, B., Shaner, D., and Stidham, M. 1991. Mutations in corn (Zea mays L.) conferring resistance to imidazolinone herbicides. Theor. Appl. Genet. 83:6570.
23. Palm, H. L., Riggleman, J. D., and Allison, D. A. 1980. Worldwide review of the new cereal herbicide DPX-4189. Proc. Br. Crop Prot. Conf. Weeds 1:16.
24. Primiani, M. M., Cotterman, J. C., and Saari, L. L. 1990. Resistance of kochia (Kochia scoparia) to sulfonylurea and imidazolinone herbicides. Weed Technol. 4:169172.
25. Ray, T. B. 1984. Site of action of chlorsulfuron. Plant Physiol. 75:827831.
26. Saari, L. L., Cotterman, J. C., and Primiani, M. M. 1990. Mechanism of sulfonylurea herbicide resistance in the broadleaf weed, Kochia scoparia . Plant Physiol. 93:5561.
27. Saari, L. L., Cotterman, J. C., and Thill, D. C. 1993. Mechanism of resistance for ALS-inhibitor herbicides in S. Powles, B. and Holtum, J. A. M., eds. Resistance to Herbicides in Plants. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL. In press.
28. Sebastian, S. A. and Chaleff, R. S. 1987. Soybean mutants with increased tolerance for sulfonylurea herbicides. Crop Sci. 27:948952.
29. Sivakumaran, K., Mulugeta, D., Gerhardt, S. A., Fay., P. K., and Dyer, W. E. 1991. Characteristics of diverse sulfonylurea-resistant and susceptible Kochia scoparia accessions. Proc. West. Soc. Weed Sci. 44:82.
30. Stallings, G. P., Thill, D. C., and Mallory-Smith, C. A. 1993. Pollen-mediated gene flow of sulfonylurea-resistant kochia (Kochia scoparia) . Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Abstr. 33:180.
31. Streibig, J. C., Rudemo, M., and Jensen, J. E. 1993. Dose-response curves and statistical models. p. 2955 in Streibig, J. C. and Kudsk, P., eds. Herbicide Bioassays. CRC Press, Inc., Boca Raton, FL.
32. Swanson, E. B., Herrgesell, M. J., Amoldo, M., Sippell, D. W., and Wong, R. S. C. 1989. Microspore mutagenesis and selection: Canola plants with field tolerance to the imidazolinones. Theor. Appl. Genet. 78:525530.
33. Thill, D. C., Mallory-Smith, C. A., Saari, L. L., Cotterman, J. C., Primiani, M. M., and Saladini, J. L. 1991. Sulfonylurea herbicide resistant weeds: Discovery, distribution, biology, mechanism, and management. p. 115128 in Caseley, J. C., Cussans, G. W., and Atkin, R. K., eds. Herbicide Resistance in Weeds and Crops. Butterworth-Heinemann Ltd., Oxford, UK.
34. Thompson, C. R. and Thill, D. C. 1992. Sulfonylurea herbicide-resistant and -susceptible kochia (Kochia scoparia (L.) Schrad) growth rates and seed production. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Abstr. 32:131.
35. Thompson, C. R. 1993. Biology of sulfonylurea herbicide-resistant and -susceptible kochia (Kochia scoparia L.). Ph.D. dissertation. Univ. of Idaho, Moscow, ID. p. 527.
36. Tsuchiya, T., Hang, A., Healy, W. E. Jr., and Hughes, H. 1987. Chromosome studies in the genus Alstroemeria. 1. Chromosome numbers in some cultivated varieties. Bot. Gaz. 148:519524.
37. Warwick, S.I. and Black, L. 1981. The relative competitiveness of atrazine susceptible and resistant populations of Chenopodium album and C. strictum . Can. J. Bot. 59:689693.
38. Witte, M. B. 1947. A comparative cytological study of three species of the Chenopodiaceae. Bull. Torrey. Bot. Club. 74:443452.
39. Wulff, H. D. 1936. Die polysomatie der Chenopodiaceen. Planta 26:275290.


Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Characterization of Chlorsulfuron Resistant and Susceptible Kochia (Kochia scoparia)

  • Curtis R. Thompson (a1), Donald C. Thill (a1), Carol A. Mallory-Smith (a1) and Bahman Shafii (a2)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.