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Characterization of Chlorsulfuron Resistant and Susceptible Kochia (Kochia scoparia)

  • Curtis R. Thompson (a1), Donald C. Thill (a1), Carol A. Mallory-Smith (a1) and Bahman Shafii (a2)

Abstract

Kansas and North Dakota kochia populations identified as chlorsulfuron resistant (R) contained 20 and 30% susceptible (S) plants, respectively. Biotypes that were chlorsulfuron R or S were selected from each field R or S collection and selfed through three generations in the greenhouse. Chlorsulfuron at 7.6 and 17.8 g ai/ha suppressed shoot biomass of the Kansas and North Dakota R biotypes by 50%, respectively, which was a 30- and 105-fold greater dose than that required to reduce the respective S biotypes growth 50%. The R and S kochia biotypes are diploid with 2N = 18 chromosomes. Chlorsulfuron resistance is inherited in kochia as a dominant trait controlled by a single nuclear gene. Thus, the resistance trait can be spread by seed and pollen.

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Characterization of Chlorsulfuron Resistant and Susceptible Kochia (Kochia scoparia)

  • Curtis R. Thompson (a1), Donald C. Thill (a1), Carol A. Mallory-Smith (a1) and Bahman Shafii (a2)

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