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Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) Control in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus), Soybean (Glycine max), and Potato (Solanum tuberosum) with Postemergence Graminicides

  • Francisco Bedmar (a1)

Abstract

Field experiments were conducted from 1989 to 1992 in Balcarce, Tandil, and San Cayetano, all in Buenos Aires province (Argentina), to evaluate clethodim, fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, fluazifop-P, haloxyfop, propaquizafop, and quizalofop-P-ethyl for bermudagrass control in sunflower, soybean, and potato. The highest levels of bermudagrass control 60 days after treatment (DAT) were generally obtained with fenoxaprop-P-ethyl, haloxyfop, propaquizafop, and quizalofop-P-ethyl. Late season bermudagrass control, based on biomass of stolons and rhizomes, suggested that the most consistent treatments in potato and sunflower were haloxyfop at 180 g ai/ha and quizalofop-P-ethyl at 54 g ai/ha. In soybean, clethodim at 336 g ai/ha, haloxyfop at 180 g/ha, propaquizafop at 100 g ai/ha, and quizalofop-P-ethyl at 54 g/ha provided the greatest reductions in bermudagrass biomass. All of the postemergence (POST) graminicide treatments increased crop yields when compared to a nontreated check. However, little or no difference in yield was obtained when herbicide rate was increased.

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Keywords

Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) Control in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus), Soybean (Glycine max), and Potato (Solanum tuberosum) with Postemergence Graminicides

  • Francisco Bedmar (a1)

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