Published online by Cambridge University Press: 20 January 2017
Field studies were conducted during the 2002 thru 2004 growing seasons at two locations in the south-central Texas cotton-production region to evaluate trifloxysulfuron and trifloxysulfuron plus prometryn in combination with either S-metolachlor or glyphosate or both for weed control and cotton response. Cotton leaf burn (13 to 19%) was noted in 2002 at one location with trifloxysulfuron plus prometryn applied late POST-directed (LPDIR). Herbicide combinations that included trifloxysulfuron controlled barnyardgrass, hemp sesbania, yellow nutsedge, Palmer amaranth, smooth pigweed, ivyleaf morningglory, pitted morningglory, and smellmelon at least 80% in most instances. Glyphosate applied early POST over-the-top (EPOTT) and mid-POST over-the-top (MPOTT) at 0.84 kg ai/ha followed by trifloxysulfuron plus prometryn at 1.1 kg ai/ha applied LPDIR controlled the above-mentioned weeds plus Texas panicum at least 94%. No other herbicide systems provided effective control (greater than 79%) of Texas panicum. Higher cotton yields in 2002 were obtained with herbicide systems that included glyphosate alone or glyphosate plus S-metolachlor applied EPOTT or LPOTT followed by trifloxysulfuron plus prometryn applied LPDIR, whereas in 2003, none of the herbicide systems increased yield over the nontreated check.
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