Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-5bf98f6d76-slc4r Total loading time: 0.264 Render date: 2021-04-21T15:28:11.257Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Carinata Tolerance to Preemergence and Postemergence Herbicides

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  05 October 2017

Ramon G. Leon
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27695
Jason A. Ferrell
Affiliation:
Professor, Agronomy Department, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611
Michael J. Mulvaney
Affiliation:
Assistant Professor, Agronomy Department, West Florida Research and Education Center, University of Florida, Jay, FL 32565
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Carinata is a new biofuel crop that was recently introduced in the southeastern USA as a winter crop. This crop is competitive after canopy closure, but there is a need for weed control options at earlier growth stages. Field experiments were conducted from 2014 to 2016 to determine the safety of several PRE and POST herbicides in carinata. Pendimethalin at 1080 g ai ha−1 applied preplant incorporated (PPI) and PRE caused no carinata injury, or plant density and yield reductions. S-metolachlor was also safe at 694, 1070, 1390, and 2780 g ai ha−1 applied at PRE, 3 d after planting (DAP) and at the 2- to 6-leaf stage. Flumioxazin at 72 g ai ha−1 applied PRE was highly injurious on carinata preventing its establishment. Among the POST herbicides evaluated, clopyralid at 210 g ae ha1 and clethodim at 136 g ai ha−1 caused minor injury to carinata but did not reduce yield compared to the nontreated control. Acifluorfen at 420 g ai ha−1, bentazon at 840 g ai ha−1, and carfentrazone at 18 g ai ha−1 applied POST to carinata caused 75 to 100% injury. Under stressful conditions (i.e. high summer temperatures) all POST herbicides caused more injury than under more favorable conditions for growth in Florida (i.e. winter). The present study identified pendimethalin, S-metolachlor, clopyralid and clethodim as potential herbicides for weed control in carinata, and flumioxazin, acifluorfen, bentazon, and carfentrazone as herbicides that can be used to control volunteer carinata plants in rotational crops.

Type
Weed Management-Other Crops/Areas
Copyright
© Weed Science Society of America, 2017 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.

Footnotes

Associate Editor for this paper: Michael Walsh, University of Sydney

References

Angrej, S, Singh, DKK, Jagroop, S, Pal, SM (2002) Effect of sowing time and plant density on growth, yield and quality of Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. BR.). J Res 39:471475 Google Scholar
Anonymous (2010) Valor® SX herbicide label. Walnut Creek, CA: Valent U.S.A. Corporation. 27 pGoogle Scholar
Anonymous (2011) Dual Magnum® herbicide label. Greensboro, NC: Syngenta Crop Protection, LLC. 54 pGoogle Scholar
Anonymous (2012) Ultra Blazer® herbicide label. Cary, NC: Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. 12 pGoogle Scholar
Anonymous (2013) Basagran® herbicide label. King of Prussia, PA: United Phosphorus, Inc. 11 pGoogle Scholar
Bouaid, A, Martinez, M, Aracil, J (2009) Production of biodiesel from bioethanol and Brassica carinata oil: oxidation stability study. Bioresource Technol 100:22342239 CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Cardone, M, Mazzoni, M, Menini, S, Rocco, V, Senatore, A, Seggiani, M, Vitolo, S (2003) Brassica carinata as an alternative oil crop for the production of biodiesel in Italy: agronomic evaluation, fuel production by transesterification and characterization. Biomass Bioenerg 25:623636 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Choudhary, BR, Joshi, P, Ramarao, S (2000) Interspecific hybridization between Brassica carinata and Brassica rapa . Plant Breeding 119:417420 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Durgan, BR, Yenis, JP, Daml, RJ, Miller, DW (1997) Broadleaf weed control in hard red spring wheat (Triticum aestivum) with F8426. Weed Technol 11:489495 Google Scholar
Gasol, CM, Gabarrell, X, Anton, A, Rigola, M, Carrasco, J, Ciria, P, Solano, ML, Rieradevall, J (2007) Life cycle assessment of a Brassica carinata bioenergy cropping system in southern Europe. Biomass Bioenerg 31:543555 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Katsvairo, TW, Wright, DL, Marois, JJ, Hartzog, DL, Rich, JR, Wiatrak, PJ (2006) Sod-livestock integration into the peanut-cotton rotation: a systems farming approach. Agron J 98:11561171 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Légère, A, Simard, MJ, Johnson, E, Stevenson, FC, Beckie, H, Blackshaw, RE (2006) Control of volunteer canola with herbicides: effects of plant growth stage and cold acclimation. Weed Technol 20:485493 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Leon, RG, Wright, DL, Marois, JJ (2015) Weed seed banks are more dynamic in a sod-based, than in a conventional, peanut-cotton rotation. Weed Sci 63:877887 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Luo, XY, Sunohara, Y, Matsumoto, H (2004) Fluazifop-butyl causes membrane peroxidation in the herbicide-susceptible broad leaf weed bristly starbur (Acanthospermum hispidum). Pest Biochem Physiol 78:93102 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Prakash, S, Chopra, VL (1988) Introgression of resistance to shattering in Brassica napus from Brassica juncea through non-homologous recombination. Plant Breeding 101:167168 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Rana, DS (2006) Effect of planting patterns and weed management on weed suppression, productivity and economics of African mustard (Brassica carinata) and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) intercropping. Indian J Agr Sci 76:98102 Google Scholar
Seepaul, R, Bliss, CM, Wright, DL, Marois, JJ, Leon, R, Dufault, N, George, S, Olson, SM (2016) Carinata, the jet fuel cover crop: 2016 production manual for the Southeasten United States. Gainesville, FL: University of Florida/Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension Service. SS-AGR-384. 8 pGoogle Scholar
Shaner, DL, ed (2014) Herbicide Handbook. 10th edn. Lawrence, KS: Weed Science Society of America. 315 pGoogle Scholar
Sperry, BP, Ferrell, JA, Leon, RG, Rowland, DL, Mulvaney, MJ (2016) Influence of planting depth and application timing on S-metolachlor injury in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). Weed Technol 30:957964 CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 16
Total number of PDF views: 89 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between 05th October 2017 - 21st April 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Carinata Tolerance to Preemergence and Postemergence Herbicides
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Carinata Tolerance to Preemergence and Postemergence Herbicides
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Carinata Tolerance to Preemergence and Postemergence Herbicides
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *