Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Seed Germination Ecology of Doveweed (Murdannia nudiflora) and Its Implication for Management in Dry-Seeded Rice

  • Sharif Ahmed (a1), Jhoana L. Opeña (a2) and Bhagirath S. Chauhan (a3)

Abstract

This study was conducted in the laboratory and screenhouse to determine the effects of temperature, light, osmotic stress, salt stress, burial depth, use of crop residues as mulch, depth of flooding, and use of POST herbicides on the emergence, survival, and growth of doveweed. In the light/dark regime, germination was higher at alternating day/night temperatures of 35/25 C (95%) than at 30/20 C (72%), and no germination occurred at 25/15 C. Light strongly influenced germination (95%) and dark completely inhibited germination. No germination occurred at an osmotic potential of −0.8 MPa and a salt concentration of 150 mM and above. The highest germination (91%) was observed from the seeds sown on the soil surface and emergence decreased by 78, 86, and 92% when burial depths were increased to 0.5, 1, and 2 cm, respectively. No seedlings emerged from seeds buried at depths of more than 2 cm. The use of rice residues as mulch significantly reduced the emergence and growth of doveweed seedlings. The amount of residue required to suppress 50% of the maximum biomass was 2.5 t ha−1. Flooding had a more pronounced effect on seedling biomass than seedling emergence. Biomass was reduced by 78, 92, and 96% when flooding depths increased from 0 to 2, 4, and 6 cm, respectively, for the seeds placed on the soil surface, whereas for the seeds buried at 0.5 cm, these values were 78, 100, and 100%. Bentazon (100 g ha−1) and bispyribac-sodium (30 g ha−1) provided 100% control of doveweed when applied at the three-leaf stage. Doveweed control was less than 31% with glyphosate rates up to 2,000 g ha−1. The application of 2,4-D (500 g ha−1) provided 100% control of doveweed even when applied at the seven-leaf stage. The information from this study could help in developing more sustainable and effective integrated weed management strategies for the control of this weed and weeds with similar response in dry-seeded rice systems.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author's E-mail: s.ahmed@irri.org

References

Hide All
Ahmed, S, Salim, M, Chauhan, BS (2014) Effect of weed management and seed rate on crop growth under direct dry seeded rice systems in Bangladesh. PLoS ONE. 9:e101919 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0101919
Anonymous (1960) Index of Plant Diseases in the United States. Crops Research Division, Agricultural Research Service, Agriculture Handbook No. 165. Washington, DC United States Department of Agriculture. 531 p
Baker, CA, Zettler, FW (1988) Viruses infecting wild and cultivated species of the Commelinaceae. Plant Dis. 72:513518
Baki, BB, Md Khir, AR (1983) Weeds in major rice growing areas in Peninsular Malaysia. Pages 2134 in Mohamed, R, Amartalingom, R, eds. Detection and Classification of Groups of Ecologically Related Species by Multivariate Analysis. Proceedings of the Symposium on Weed Science in the Tropics, 4–5 October 1983. Serdang, Malaysia Universiti Pertanian
Baskin, CC, Baskin, JM (1998) Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. San Diego, CA Academic Press. 666 p
Benvenuti, S (2003) Soil texture involvement in germination and emergence of buried weed seeds. Agron J. 95:191198
Bhowmik, PC (1997) Weed biology: importance to weed management. Weed Sci. 45:349356
Buhler, DD, Mester, TC, Kohler, KA (1996) The effect of maize residues tillage on emergence of Setaria faberi, Abutilon theophrasti, Amaranthus retroflexus and Chenopodium album . Weed Res. 36:153165
Burke, IC, Thomas, WE, Spears, JF, Wilcut, JW (2003) Influence of environmental factors on after-ripened crowfootgrass (Dactyloctenium aegyptium) seed germination. Weed Sci. 51:342347
Chauhan, BS (2012) Weed ecology and weed management strategies for dry-seeded rice in Asia. Weed Technol. 26:113
Chauhan, BS (2013) Seed germination ecology of feather lovegrass [Eragrostis tenella (L.) Beauv. Ex Roemer & J.A. Schultes]. PLoS ONE. 8:e79398 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079398
Chauhan, BS, Abugho, SB (2012) Effect of growth stage on the efficacy of postemergence herbicides on four weed species of direct-seeded rice. Sci World J. DOI: 10.1100/2012/123071.
Chauhan, BS, Abugho, SB (2013a) Effect of crop residue on seedling emergence and growth of selected weed species in a sprinkler-irrigated zero-till dry-seeded rice system. Weed Sci. 61:403409
Chauhan, BS, Abugho, SB (2013b) Weed management in mechanized-sown, zero-till dry seeded rice. Weed Technol. 27:2833
Chauhan, BS, Johnson, DE (2008a) Germination ecology of Chinese sprangletop (Leptochloa chinensis) in the Philippines. Weed Sci. 56:820825
Chauhan, BS, Johnson, DE (2008b) Germination ecology of goosegrass (Eleusine indica): an important grass weed of rainfed rice. Weed Sci. 56:699706
Chauhan, BS, Johnson, DE (2010) The role of seed ecology in improving weed management strategies in the tropics. Adv Agron. 105:221262
Chauhan, BS, Migo, T, Westerman, PR, Johnson, DE (2010) Post-dispersal predation of weed seeds in rice fields. Weed Res. 50:553560
Chauhan, BS, Opeña, J (2012) Effect of tillage systems and herbicides on weed emergence, weed growth, and grain yield in dry-seeded rice systems. Field Crops Res. 137:5669
Chauhan, BS, Singh, RG, Mahajan, G (2012) Ecology and management of weeds under conservation agriculture: a review. Crop Prot. 38:5765
Civico, RSA, Moody, K (1979) The effect of the time and depth of submergence on growth and development of some weed species. Philipp J Weed Sci. 6:4149
Cousens, RD, Baweja, R, Vaths, J, Schofield, M (1993) Comparative biology of cruciferous weeds: a preliminary study. Pages 376380 in Proceedings of the 10th Australian and 14th Asian-Pacific Weed Conference. Brisbane, Australia. Brisbane, Australia Weed Society of Queensland
Crutchfield, DA, Wicks, GA, Burnside, OC (1985) Effect of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) straw mulch level on weed control. Weed Sci. 34:110114
Egley, GH (1986) Stimulation of weed seed germination in soil. a reviews. Weed Sci. 2:6789
Fischer, AJ, Ateh, CM, Bayer, DE, Hill, JE (2000) Herbicide-resistant Echinochloa oryzoides and E. phyllopogon in California Oryza sativa fields. Weed Sci. 48:225230
Friesen, HA, O'Sullivana, PA, Vanden Born, WH (1976) HOE 23408, a new selective herbicide for wild oats and green foxtail in wheat and barley. Can J Plant Sci. 56:567578
Galinato, MI, Moody, K, Piggin, CM (1999) Upland Rice Weeds of South and Southeast Asia. Los Baños, Philippines International Rice Research Institute. 156 p
Holm, LG, Plucknett, DL, Pancho, JV, Herberger, JP (1977) The World's Worst Weeds: Distribution and Biology. Honolulu, HI University Press of Hawaii. 609 p
Kent, RJ, Johnson, DE (2001) Influence of flood depth and duration on growth of lowland rice weeds, Côte d'Ivoire. Crop Prot. 20:691694
Kettenring, KM, Gardner, G, Galatowitsch, SM (2006) Effect of light on seed germination of eight wetland carex species. Ann Bot. 98:869874
King, LJ (1966) Weeds of the World—Biology and Control. New York Interscience Publishers. 526 p
Mahajan, G, Chauhan, BS (2013) Herbicide options for weed control in dry-seeded aromatic rice in India. Weed Technol. 27:682689
Michel, BE (1983) Evaluation of the water potentials of solutions of polyethylene glycol 8000 both in the absence and presence of other solutes. Plant Physiol. 72:6670
Opeña, JL, Chauhan, BS, Baltazar, AM (2014) Seed germination ecology of Echinochloa glabrescens and its implication for management in rice (Oryza sativa L.). PLoS ONE. 9:e92261 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0092261
Pancho, JV, Obien, SR (1995) Manual of Rice Field Weeds in the Philippines. Munoz, Nueva Ecija, Philippines Philippine Rice Research Institute. 543 p
Pons, TL (1982) Factors affecting weed seed germination and seedling growth in lowland rice in Indonesia. Weed Res. 22:155161
Satpathi, CR (1999) Weeds as hosts of Bihar hairy caterpillar (Diacrisia obliqua Wlk.). Insect Environ. 5(3):1122
Sideris, C (1931) Pathological and histological studies on pythiaceous rots of various agricultural plants. Phytopathol Z. 3:137161
Singh, S, Singh, M (2004) Effect of growth stage on trifloxysulfuron and glyphosate efficacy in twelve weed species of citrus groves. Weed Technol. 18:10311036
Singh, SK, Bharadwaj, V, Thakur, TC, Pachauri, SP, Singh, PP, Mishra, AK (2009) Influence of crop establishment methods on methane emission from rice fields. Curr Sci. 97:8489
Smith, RJJ, Fox, WT (1973) Soil water and growth of rice and weeds. Weed Sci. 21:6163
Soerdarsan, A, Mubijanto, BO, Suhendar, E, Santika, H (1974) Screening of herbicides in productive tea, assessed from viewpoint of weed situation. Menara Perkebunan. 42:121140
Soerjani, M, Kostermans, AJGH, Tjitrosoepomo, G (1987) Weeds of Indonesia. Jakarta, Indonesia Balai Pustaka. 716 p
Suria, ASMJ, Juraimi, AS, Rahman, MM, Man, AB, Selamat, A (2011) Efficacy and economics of herbicides in aerobic rice system. Afr J Biotechnol. 10:80078022
Teasdale, JR, Beste, CE, Potts, WE (1991) Response of weeds to tillage and cover crop residue. Weed Sci. 39:195199
Teuton, TC, Brecke, BJ, Unruh, JB, MacDonald, GE, Miller, GL, Ducar, JT (2004) Factors affecting seed germination of tropical signalgrass (Urochloa subquadripara). Weed Sci. 52:376381
Tomita, S, Nawata, E, Kono, Y, Nagata, Y, Noichana, C, Sributta, A, Inamura, T (2003) Differences in weed vegetation in response to cultivating methods and water conditions in rainfed paddy fields in northeast Thailand. Weed Biol Manage. 3:117127
Valdez, R (1968) Survey, identification and host–parasite relationships of root-knot nematodes occurring in some parts of the Phillippines. Philipp Agric. 51:802824
Wilson, AK (1981) Commelinaceae—a review of the distribution, biology and control of the important weeds belonging to this family. Trop Pest Manage. 27:405418
Wilson, DG, Burton, MG, Spears, JF, York, AC (2006) Doveweed (Murdannia nudiflora) germination and emergence as affected by temperature and seed burial depth. Weed Sci. 54:10001003

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed