Altman, J, Campbell, CL (1977) Effect of herbicides on plant
diseases. Annu Rev Phytopathol.
Altschul, SF, Gish, W, Miller, W, Myers, EW, Lipman, DJ (1990) Basic local alignment search
tool. J Mol Biol.
Barriuso, J, Marín, S, Mellado, RP (2010) Effect of the herbicide
glyphosate on glyphosate-tolerant maize rhizobacterial communities: a
comparison with pre-emergency applied herbicide consisting of a
combination of acetochlor and terbuthylazine.
Bentley, R (1990) The shikimate pathway—a metabolic
tree with many branches. CRC Crit Rev Biochem Mol
Bohm, GM, Alves, BJR, Urquiaga, S, Boddey, RM, Xavier, GR, Hax, F, Rambaldi, CV (2009) Glyphosate- and
imazethapyr-induced effects on yield, nodule mass and biological nitrogen
fixation in field-grown glyphosate-resistant soybean.
Soil Biol Biochem.
Bromilow, RH, Chamberlain, K, Tench, AJ, Williams, RH (1993) Phloem translocation of strong
acids-glyphosate, substituted phosphonic and sulfonic acids in
Ricinus communis L. Pestic
Buckley, DH, Schmidt, TM (2001) Environmental factors influencing
the distribution of rRNA from Verrucomicrobia in soil.
FEMS Microbiol Ecol.
Busse, MD, Ratcliff, AW, Shestak, CJ, Powers, RF (2001) Glyphosate toxicity and the
effects of long-term vegetation control on soil microbial
communities. Soil Biol Biochem.
Clemensson-Lindell, A, Persson, H (1992) Effect of freezing on rhizosphere
and root nutrient content using two soil sampling
methods. Plant Soil.
Coupland, D, Caseley, JC (1979) Presence of 14C
activity in root exudates and guttation fluid from Agropyron
repens treated with 14C-labeled
glyphosate. New Phytol.
Descalzo, RC, Punja, ZK, Lévesque, CA, Rahe, JE (1998) Glyphosate treatment of bean
seedlings causes short-term increases in Pythium
populations and damping off potential in soils.
Appl Soil Ecol.
Dill, GM, CaJacob, CA, Padgette, SR (2008) Glyphosate-resistant crops:
adoption, use, and future considerations. Pest
Duke, SO, Powles, SB (2008) Glyphosate: a once-in-a-century
herbicide. Pest Manag Sci.
Franco, DAS, Almeida, SDB, Cerdeira, AL, Duke, SO, Moraes, RM, Lacerda, ALS, Matallo, MB (2012) Evaluation of glyphosate
application on transgenic soybean and its relationship with shikimic
acid. Planta Daninha.
Haney, RL, Senseman, SA, Hons, FM, Zuberer, DA (2000) Effect of glyphosate on soil
microbial activity and biomass. Weed
Haney, RL, Senseman, SA, Krutz, LJ, Hons, FM (2002) Soil carbon and nitrogen
mineralization as affected by atrazine and glyphosate.
Biol Fertil Soils.
Hetherington, PR, Reynolds, TL, Marshall, G, Kirkwood, RC (1999) The absorption, translocation and
distribution of the herbicide glyphosate in maize expressing the CP-4
transgene. J Exp Bot.
Janssen, PH (2006) Identifying the dominant soil
bacterial taxa in libraries of 16S rRNA and 16S rRNA
genes. Appl Environ Microbiol.
Johal, GS, Rahe, JE (1984) Effect of soilborne
plant-pathogenic fungi on the herbicidal action of glyphosate on bean
Johal, GS, Rahe, JE (1988) Glyphosate, hypersensitivity, and
phytoalexin accumulation in the incompatible bean anthracnose
host–parasite interaction. Physiol Mol Plant
Johal, GS, Rahe, JE (1990) Role of phytoalexins in the
suppression of resistance of Phaseolus vulgaris to
Colletotrichum lindemuthianum by
glyphosate. Can J Plant Pathol.
Keen, NT, Holliday, MJ, Yoshikawa, M (1982) Effects of glyphosate on
glyceollin production and the expression of resistance to
Phytophthora megasperma f. sp. glycinea in
Kersters, K, De Vos, P, Gillis, M, Swings, J, Vandamme, P, Stackebrandt, E (2006) Introduction to the
Proteobacteria. Pages 3–37
Dwarkin, M, Falkow, S, Rosenberg, E, Schleifer, KH, and Stackebrandt, , eds. The Prokaryotes. 3rd edn, Volume 5.
King, CA, Purcell, LC, Vories, DE (2001) Plant growth and nitrogenase
activity of glyphosate-tolerant soybean in response to foliar glyphosate
applications. Agron J.
Kremer, RJ, Means, NE, Kim, S (2005) Glyphosate affects soybean root
exudation and rhizosphere micro-organisms. Int J
Environ Anal Chem.
Kremer, RJ, Means, NE (2009) Glyphosate and
glyphosate-resistant crop interactions with rhizosphere
microorganisms. Eur J Agron.
Laitinen, P, Rämö, S, Siimes, K (2007) Glyphosate translocation from
plants to soil—does this constitute a significant proportion of residues
Lane, M, Lorenz, N, Saxena, J, Ramsier, C, Dick, RP (2012) The effect of glyphosate on soil
microbial activity, microbial community structure, and soil
Lancaster, SH, Hollister, EB, Senseman, SA, Gentry, TJ (2010) Effects of repeated glyphosate
applications on soil microbial community composition and the
mineralization of glyphosate. Pest Manag
Liesack, W, Stackebrandt, E (1992) Occurrence of novel groups of the
domain bacteria as revealed by analysis of genetic material isolated from
an Australian terrestrial environment. J
Lévesque, CA, Rahe, JE, Eaves, DM (1987) Effect of glyphosate on
Fusarium spp: its influence on root colonization of
weeds, propagule density in the soils, and crop
emergence. Can J Plant Pathol.
Liu, L, Punja, ZK, Rahe, JE (1995) Effect of
Pythium spp. and glyphosate on phytoalexin production
and excudation by bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) roots
grown in different media. Physiol Mol Plant
Liu, L, Punja, ZK, Rahe, JE (1997) Altered root exudation and
suppression of induced lignification as mechanisms of predisposition by
glyphosate of bean roots (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to
colonization by Pythium spp.
Physiol Mol Plant Pathol.
Lugtenberg, B, Kamilova, F (2009) Plant-growth-promoting
Rhizobacteria. Annu Rev Microbiol.
Lupwayi, NZ, Harker, KN, Clayton, GW, O'Donovan, JT, Blackshaw, RE (2009) Soil microbial response to
herbicides applied to glyphosate-resistant canola.
Agric Ecosyst Environ.
Meyer, F, Paarmann, D, D'Souza, M, Olson, R, Glass, EM, Kubal, M, Paczian, T, Rodriguez, A, Stevens, R, Wilke, A, Wilkening, J, Edwards, RA (2008) The metagenomics RAST server—a
public resource for the automatic phylogenetic and functional analysis of
metagenomes. BMC Bioinf.
Mijangosa, I, Becerril, JM, Albizu, I, Epelde, L, Garbisu, C (2009) Effects of glyphosate on
rhizosphere soil microbial communities under two different plant
compositions by cultivation-dependent and -independent
methodologies. Soil Biol Biochem.
Moorman, TB, Becerril, JM, Lydon, J, Duke, SO (1992) Production of hydroxybenzoic
acids by Bradyrhizobium japonicum strains after
treatment with glyphosate. J Agric Food
Olson, BM, Lindwall, CW (1991) Soil microbial activity under
chemical fallow conditions: effects of 2,4-D and
glyphosate. Soil Biol Biochem.
Parks, DH, Beiko, RG (2010) Identifying biologically relevant
differences between metagenomic communities.
Pollegioni, L, Schonbrunn, E, Siehl, D (2011) Molecular basis of glyphosate
resistance—different approaches through protein
engineering. FEBS J.
Powell, JR, Campbell, RG, Dunfield, KE, Gulden, RH, Hart, MM, Levy-Booth, DJ, Klironomos, JN, Pauls, KP, Swanton, CJ, Trevors, JT, Antunes, PM (2009) Effect of glyphosate on the
tripartite symbiosis formed by Glomus intraradices,
Bradyrhizobium japonicum, and genetically modified
soybean. Appl Soil Ecol.
Powles, SB, Preston, C (2006) Evolved glyphosate resistance in
plants: biochemical and genetic basis of resistance.
Ratcliff, AW, Busse, MD, Shestak, CJ (2006) Changes in microbial community
structure following herbicide (glyphosate) additions to forest
soils. Appl Soil Ecol.
Reddy, KN, Zablotowicz, RM, (2003) Glyphosate-resistant soybean
response to various salts of glyphosate and glyphosate accumulation in
soybean nodules. Weed Sci.
Robertson, RR (2010) Physiological and biochemical
characterization of glyphosate resistant Ambrosia
. West Lafayette, IN Purdue
University. 83 p.
Rodrigues, JJV, Worsham, AD, Corbin, FT (1982) Exudation of glyphosate from
wheat (Triticum aestivum) plants and its effects on
interplanted corn (Zea mays) and soybeans
(Glycine max). Weed
Sanogo, S, Yang, XB, Scherm, H (2000) Effects of herbicides on
Fusarium solani f. sp. glycines and development of
sudden death syndrome in glyphosate-tolerant soybean.
Savin, MC, Purcell, LC, Daigh, A, Manfredini, A (2009) Response of mycorrhizal infection
to glyphosate applications and P fertilization in glyphosate-tolerant
soybean, maize, and cotton. J Plant
Schafer, JR, Hallett, SG, Johnson, WG (2012) Response of giant ragweed
(Ambrosia trifida), horseweed (Conyza
canadensis), and common lambsquarters (Chenopodium
album) biotypes to glyphosate in the presence and absence of
soil microorganisms. Weed Sci.
Schafer, JR, Hallett, SG, Johnson, WG (2013) Soil microbial root colonization
of glyphosate-treated giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida),
horseweed (Conyza canadensis), and common lambsquarters
(Chenopodium album) biotypes.
Sharon, A, Amsellem, Z, Gressel, J (1992) Glyphosate suppression of an
elicited defense response: increased susceptibility of Cassia
obtusifolia to a mycoherbicide. Plant
Smith, DA, Hallett, SG (2006) Interactions between chemical
herbicides and the candidate bioherbicide Microsphaeropsis
. Weed Sci.
Stachler, JM (2008) Characterization and management of
glyphosate-resistant giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida
(L.)) and horseweed [Conyza canadensis (L.)
Cronq.]. Ph.D Dissertation. Columbus,
The Ohio State University.
Stackebrandt, E, Liesack, W, Goebel, BM (1993) Bacterial diversity in a soil
sample from a subtropical Australian environment as determined by 16S
rDNA analysis. FASEB J.
Steinrücken, HC, Amrhein, N (1980) The herbicide glyphosate is a
potent inhibitor of 5-enolpyruvylshikimic acid-3-phosphate
synthase. Biochem Biophys Res Commun.
Stratton, GW, Stewart, KW (1992) Glyphosate effects on microbial
biomass in coniferous forest soil. Environ
Toxicol Water Qual.
[USDA-NASS] U.S. Department of Agriculture–National Agricultural
Statistics Service (2012) Acreage.
U.S. Department of Agriculture–National Agricultural
Statistics Service. Pp
Wardle, DA, Parkinson, D (1990a) Effects of three herbicides on
soil microbial biomass and activity. Plant
Wardle, DA, Parkinson, D (1990b) Influence of the herbicide
glyphosate on soil microbial community structure.
Weaver, LM, Herrmann, KM (1997) Dynamics of the shikimate pathway
in plants. Trends in Plant Sci.
Weaver, MA, Krutz, LJ, Zablotowicz, RM, Reddy, KN (2007) Effects of glyphosate on soil
microbial communities and its mineralization in a Mississippi
soil. Pest Manag Sci.
Westhoven, AM, Davis, VM, Gibson, KD, Weller, SC, Johnson, WG (2008) Field presence of
glyphosate-resistant horseweed (Conyza canadensis),
common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album), and giant
ragweed (Ambrosia trifida) biotypes with elevated
tolerance to glyphosate. Weed Technol.
Zabaloy, MC, Garland, JL, Gómez, MA (2008) An integrated approach to
evaluate the impacts of the herbicides glyphosate, 2,4-D and
metsulfuron-methyl on soil microbial communities in the Pampas region,
Argentina. Appl Soil Ecol.
Zablotowicz, RM, Reddy, KN (2004) Impact of glyphosate on the
Bradyrhizobium japonicum symbiosis with
glyphosate-resistant transgenic soybean: a mini review.
J Environ Qual.
Zhao, Y, Tang, H, Ye, Y (2012) RAPSearch2: a fast and
memory-efficient protein similarity search tool for next-generation
sequencing data. Bioinformatics.
Zhou, J, Davey, ME, Figueras, JB, Rivkina, E, Gilichinsky, D, Tiedje, JM (1997) Phylogenetic diversity of a
bacterial community determined from Siberian tundra soil