Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Relative Sensitivity of Several Plants to Dinoseb

  • M. Schroeder (a1) and G. F. Warren (a1)

Abstract

The I50 values obtained with preemergence applications of 2-sec-butyl-4,6-dinitrophenol (dinoseb) for shoot and root growth in soil, or root growth in a bioassay were determined for 68 plant varieties representing 66 species. The I50 values in soil indicate a difference of more than 240 fold between the most sensitive species, shepherdspurse (Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medic.) and the most tolerant species, peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). The correlations among the I50 values for shoot and root growth in soil and the root bioassay were significant. The I50 values between susceptibility of plants to soil-applied dinoseb and their seed size are correlated significantly. Large-seeded plant species and larger seeds within varieties, in general, were more tolerant to dinoseb than small-seeded species and smaller seeds within a given variety. However, there appeared to be other factors involved in susceptibility. For example, there were differences in response among families; the Leguminosae were the most tolerant, while the Solanaceae and Cruciferae were particularly susceptible.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Barrons, K. C. 1951. Some physiological aspects of the herbicidal action of DNOSBP. Down to Earth 7:1012.
2. Barrons, K. C. and Watson, A. J. 1969. Dinoseb (DNBP), a truly versatile herbicide. Down to Earth 25:15.
3. Blackman, G. E. and Roberts, H. A. 1950. Studies in selective weed control. I. The control of annual weeds in winter wheat. J. Agr. Sci. 40:6269.
4. Blackman, G. E. and Roberts, H. A. 1950. Studies in selective weed control. II. The control of annual weeds in spring cereals. J. Agr. Sci. 40:7081.
5. Blackman, G. E., Templeman, W. G., and Halliday, D. J. 1951. Herbicides and selective phytotoxicity. Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 2:199230.
6. Brian, R. C. 1964. The classification of herbicides and types of toxicity. In Audus, L. J. The Physiology and Biochemistry of Herbicides. Acad. Press., London and New York. p. 555.
7. Crafts, A. S. 1945. A new herbicide, 2,4-dinitro-6-secondary butyl phenol. Science 101:417418.
8. Crafts, A. S. 1946. Selectivity of herbicides. Plant Physiol. 21:345361.
9. Davis, D. E. and Funderburk, H. H. Jr. 1958. Variability in susceptibility to injury by DNBP. Weeds 6:454460.
10. Hollingsworth, E. B. 1954. Effect of soil pH on activity of DNOSBP. Proc. South. Weed Conf. 7:212214.
11. Kittock, D. L. and Patterson, J. K. 1959. Measurement of relative root penetration of grass seedlings. Agron. J. 51:512.
12. Kneebone, W. R. and Cremer, C. L. 1955. The relationship of seed size to seedling vigor in some native grass species. Agron. J. 47:472477.
13. Kneebone, W. R. 1956. Breeding for seedling vigor in sand blue stem (Andropogon hallii Hack.) and other native grasses. Agron. J. 48:3740.
14. Meggitt, W. F., Aldrich, R. J., and Shaw, W. C. 1956. Factors affecting the herbicidal action of aqueous sprays of salts of 4,6-dinitro-o-sec-butylphenol. Weeds 4:131138.
15. Parker, C. 1966. The importance of shoot entry in the action of herbicides applied to the soil. Weeds 14:117121.
16. Plummer, A. B. 1933. Germination in early seedling development of twelve range grasses. J. Amer. Soc. Agron. 35:1934.
17. Rogler, G. A. 1954. Seed size and vigor in crested wheatgrass. Agron. J. 46:216220.
18. Schreiber, M. M. 1967. A technique for studying weed competition in forage and legume establishment. Weeds 15:14.
19. Schroeder, M., Deli, J., Schall, E. D., and Warren, G. F. 1971. Composition of various crop and weed seeds. Weed Sci. 19: (In Press)
20. Sund, K. A. and Normura, N. 1963. Laboratory evaluation of several herbicides. Weed Res. 3:3543.
21. Warren, G. F. 1946. The value of several chemicals as selective herbicides for vegetable crops. (Preliminary report.). Proc. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 47:415420.
22. Warren, G. F. and Buchholtz, K. P. 1947. Weed control in cannery peas using dinitro sprays. Proc. Am. Soc. Hort. Sci. 49:347350.
23. Wettasinghe, D. T. 1968. A preliminary investigation of the effect of two plant factors on simazine toxicity. Proc. Brit. Weed Control Conf. 9:645649.
24. Wilcoxon, F. and Wilcox, R. A. 1964. Some rapid approximate statistical procedures. Lederle Laboratories, Pearl River, New York. 60 p.
25. Wojtaszek, T. 1966. Relationship between susceptibility of plants to DNBP and their capacity for ATP generation. Weeds 14:125129.

Relative Sensitivity of Several Plants to Dinoseb

  • M. Schroeder (a1) and G. F. Warren (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed