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Postemergence herbicide application timing effects on annual grass control and corn (Zea mays) grain yield

  • Larry S. Tapia (a1), Thomas T. Bauman (a2), Robert G. Harvey (a3), James J. Kells (a4), George Kapusta (a5), Mark M. Loux (a6), William E. Lueschen (a7), Michael D. K. Owen (a8), Larry H. Hageman (a9) and Stephen D. Strachan...

Abstract

Giant foxtail, woolly cupgrass, and wild-proso millet infest millions of hectares of land devoted to corn production in the midwestern U.S. Control of these species and effects on corn grain yield were evaluated at various timings using POST applications of nicosulfuron vs. applications of various PRE herbicides at 17 locations across the midwestern U.S. in 1992 and 1993. Nicosulfuron applied to 5 to 10 cm giant foxtail and woolly cupgrass provided greater control than that observed with selected PRE herbicides. Giant foxtail control with nicosulfuron averaged 88%, and control of woolly cupgrass averaged 77% across all sites. Nicosulfuron, applied to 5 to 10 cm wild-proso millet, provided a level of control similar to that of selected PRE herbicides. Corn grain yield was greater when giant foxtail was controlled POST with nicosulfuron vs. PRE control with selected soil-applied herbicides. Corn grain yields were similar when nicosulfuron was applied POST to 5 to 10 cm woolly cupgrass or wild-proso millet vs. PRE control of these grass weeds. Across a broad range of geographical locations, nicosulfuron, applied POST to 5 to 10 cm tall grass, provided greater or similar levels of weed control vs. the selected PRE herbicides, with no deleterious effect on grain yield.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author: Du Pont Agricultural Products, 1014 N.E. Trilein Drive, Ankeny, IA 50021.

References

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Keywords

Postemergence herbicide application timing effects on annual grass control and corn (Zea mays) grain yield

  • Larry S. Tapia (a1), Thomas T. Bauman (a2), Robert G. Harvey (a3), James J. Kells (a4), George Kapusta (a5), Mark M. Loux (a6), William E. Lueschen (a7), Michael D. K. Owen (a8), Larry H. Hageman (a9) and Stephen D. Strachan...

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