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Investigation into the Mechanism of Isoxaben Tolerance in Dicot Weeds

  • Mark A. Schneegurt (a1), Dale R. Heim (a1) and Ignacio M. Larrinua (a1)

Abstract

Isoxaben is an inhibitor of the synthesis of cellulose from glucose. Some dicot weed species are relatively insensitive to isoxaben inhibition. This study investigates mechanisms by which decreased sensitivity may occur in three dicot weed species: catchweed bedstraw, redroot pigweed, and velvetleaf. Dose response curves were generated to determine I50 values for the inhibition of glucose incorporation into cellulose by isoxaben and compared to that of a sensitive species, mouse-ear cress. Metabolic detoxification and uptake rates were measured and the degree of tolerance conferred by these mechanisms was calculated. In all cases, metabolic detoxification was negligible. Lower uptake rates were significant but minor components of tolerance in all species. It is suggested that the principal cause of isoxaben tolerance in these dicot weed species is decreased sensitivity at the target site.

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Keywords

Investigation into the Mechanism of Isoxaben Tolerance in Dicot Weeds

  • Mark A. Schneegurt (a1), Dale R. Heim (a1) and Ignacio M. Larrinua (a1)

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