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Influence of Quackgrass (Agropyron repens) Density and Duration of Interference on Soybeans (Glycine max)

  • Frank L. Young (a1), Donald L. Wyse (a1) and Robert J. Jones (a1)

Abstract

The effect of quackgrass [Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.] density and duration of interference on soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] was investigated in two studies. In the density study, the average reduction in soybean yield by quackgrass densities of 520 and 910 shoots/m2 was 19 and 55%, respectively. Quackgrass densities of 95 and 160 shoots/m2 did not significantly reduce soybean yields. The number of branches that produced pods, the number of pods and seeds per plant, and soybean height were reduced by the two highest densities. In 1980, quackgrass densities of 265 and 595 shoots/m2 reduced soybean leaf area and plant dry weight. Leaf area partitioning (LAP), leaf weight partitioning (LWP), and net assimilation rate (NAR) of soybeans were reduced by a quackgrass density of 595 shoots/m2. In the duration study, interference by a natural stand of quackgrass for 6 weeks, 8 weeks, and full-season decreased soybean yield an average of 11, 23, and 33%, respectively. Results from the duration study suggest that a selective postemergence herbicide for the control of quackgrass in soybeans would be beneficial if available.

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References

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Keywords

Influence of Quackgrass (Agropyron repens) Density and Duration of Interference on Soybeans (Glycine max)

  • Frank L. Young (a1), Donald L. Wyse (a1) and Robert J. Jones (a1)

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