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Herbicidal Metabolites from a Soil-Dwelling Fungus (Scopulariopis brumptii)

  • Jamin Huang (a1), Alan R. Putnam (a2), Georgina M. Werner (a1), Saroj K. Mishra (a2) and Curt Whitenack (a2)...

Abstract

The fungus Scopulariopis brumptii Salvanet-Duval (MSU 42018) was isolated from a soil sample collected from the rhizosphere of a potted asparagus plant. When cultured 7 days in A-9 broth medium, the organism produced compounds phytotoxic to seeding dicotyledonous weeds (via foliar application) and to Chlamydomonas reinhardtii Dangeard. Three herbicidal metabolites, 3-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, 2-methylhydroquinone, and (+)-epiepoformin, were isolated by column and thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and structures confirmed by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), nuclear magnetic reasonance spectroscopy (NMR), and mass spectrometry (MS). Of the three compounds, (+)-epiepoformin was the most active, providing complete control of redroot pigweed and 88% control of white mustard when applied at 4.4 kg/ha.

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Keywords

Herbicidal Metabolites from a Soil-Dwelling Fungus (Scopulariopis brumptii)

  • Jamin Huang (a1), Alan R. Putnam (a2), Georgina M. Werner (a1), Saroj K. Mishra (a2) and Curt Whitenack (a2)...

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