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Growth and Competitiveness of Sulfonyhirea-Resistant and -Susceptible Kochia (Kochia scoparia)

  • Curtis R. Thompson (a1), Donald C. Thill (a1) and Bahman Shafii (a1)

Abstract

Growth, competitiveness, and fecundity differences between resistant (R) and susceptible (S) biotypes affect management strategies. This greenhouse research examines growth, competitiveness, and fecundity of chlorsulfuron-resistant (R) and -susceptible (S) kochia collected from North Dakota and Kansas. In noncompetitive studies, sulfonylurea R and S kochia biotypes from Kansas and North Dakota had similar growth rates and seed production. All biotypes produced about 12000 seeds per plant. Competitiveness of R and S biotypes from Kansas was similar. Interbiotype competition reduced R and S plant biomass more than intrabiotype competition. The relative competitiveness of the R and S biotypes was 0.75 and 0.85, respectively. The resistance trait did not reduce growth, seed production, and competitiveness of R compared to S kochia in greenhouse studies.

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Keywords

Growth and Competitiveness of Sulfonyhirea-Resistant and -Susceptible Kochia (Kochia scoparia)

  • Curtis R. Thompson (a1), Donald C. Thill (a1) and Bahman Shafii (a1)

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