Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Environmental Factors Affecting Seed Germination and Seedling Emergence of Foxtail Sophora (Sophora alopecuroides)

  • Iraj Nosratti (a1), Sahar Amiri (a1), Alireza Bagheri (a1) and Bhagirath Singh Chauhan (a2)

Abstract

Foxtail sophora is a widely distributed problematic weed in western Iranian dryland farming systems. Little information is available on seed germination and seedling emergence of this weed species in response to environmental and agronomic factors. This study was conducted to address this knowledge gap. Maximum seed germination (80%) occurred at 25 C and decreased at lower temperatures (<1% at 5 C) or under fluctuating temperature regimes. Light and pH did not have any substantial effect on seed germination. Foxtail sophora was tolerant to osmotic stress and moderately tolerant to sodium chloride. It was tolerant to salinity and drought stress during germination, which suggests that the population of this weed may increase in western farmlands of Iran. No seedlings emerged when seeds were buried at depths greater than 6 cm, which indicates that minimum- and no-till systems would increase seedling emergence of this species. Therefore, using sweep cultivators would be beneficial in management of foxtail sophora seedlings in the drylands of west of Iran.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author’s E-mail: Irajnosratti@gmail.com

Footnotes

Hide All

Associate Editor for this paper: Steven S. Seefeldt, USDA-ARS

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Ahmadi, H (1999). Applied Geomorphology (Wind Erosion). Tehran: University of Tehran Press. 258 p
Baskin, CC, Baskin, JM (2014). Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. San Diego: Elsevier/Academic. 1586 p
Baskin, JM, Baskin, CC (1988) Role of temperature in regulating the timing of germination in Portulaca oleracea . Can J Bot 66:563567
Batlla, D, Benech-Arnold, RL (2006) The role of fluctuations in soil water content on the regulation of dormancy changes in buried seeds of Polygonum aviculare L. Seed Sci Res 16:4759
Boyd, NS, Hughes, A (2011) Germination and emergence characteristics of spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium). Weed Sci 59:533537
Chauhan, BS, Gill, G, Preston, C (2006a) Factors affecting seed germination of annual sowthistle (Sonchus oleraceus) in southern Australia. Weed Sci 54:854860
Chauhan, BS, Gill, G, Preston, C (2006b) Factors affecting turnipweed (Rapistrum rugosum) seed germination in southern Australia. Weed Sci 54:10321036
Chauhan, BS, Gill, G, Preston, C (2006c) Seedling recruitment pattern and depth of recruitment of 10 weed species in minimum tillage and no-till seeding systems. Weed Sci 54:658668
Chauhan, BS, Johnson, DE (2008) Seed germination and seedling emergence of giant sensitiveplant (Mimosa invisa). Weed Sci 56:244248
Crisraudo, A, Gresta, F, Luciani, F, Resticcia, A (2007) Effects of after harvest period and environmental factors on seed dormancy of Amaranthus species. Weed Res 47:327334
De Cauwer, B, Devos, R, Claerhout, S, Bulcke, R, Reheul, D (2014) Seed dormancy, germination, emergence and seed longevity in Galinsoga parviflora and G. quadriradiata . Weed Res 54:3847
Del Monte, JP, Dorado, J (2011) Effects of light conditions and after-ripening time on seed dormancy loss of Bromus diandrus Roth. Weed Res 51:581590
Ebrahimi, E, Eslami, SV (2012) Effect of environmental factors on seed germination and seedling emergence of invasive Ceratocarpus arenarius . Weed Res 52:5059
Egley, G, Chandler, J (1978) Germination and viability of weed seeds after 2.5 years in a 50-year buried seed study. Weed Sci 5:230239
Eslami, S (2011) Comparative germination and emergence ecology of two populations of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) from Iran and Denmark. Weed Sci 59:9097
Fenner, M, Thompson, K (2005) The Ecology of Seeds (2nd edn., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 250 p
Finch‐Savage, WE, Leubner‐Metzger, G (2006) Seed dormancy and the control of germination. New Phytol 171:501523
Gutterman, Y, Gendler, T (2005) Annual rhythm of germination of seeds of Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum 32 years after collection. Seed Sci Res 15:249253
Jain, R, Singh, M (1989) Factors affecting goatweed (Scoparia dulcis) seed germination. Weed Sci 37:766770
Koger, CH, Reddy, KN, Poston, DH (2004) Factors affecting seed germination, seedling emergence, and survival of texasweed (Caperonia palustris). Weed Sci 52:989995
Lee, J, Chauhan, BS, Johnson, DE (2011) Germination of fresh horse purslane (Trianthema portulacastrum) seeds in response to different environmental factors. Weed Sci 59:495499
Malik, MS, Norsworthy, JK, Riley, MB, Bridges, W (2010) Temperature and light requirements for wild radish (Raphanus raphanistrum) germination over a 12-month period following maturation. Weed Sci 58:136140
Michel, BE (1983) Evaluation of the water potentials of solutions of polyethylene glycol 8000 both in the absence and presence of other solutes. Plant Physiol 72:6670
Mir Kamali, H (1995) Guide of Weed Control in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Fields in Iran (2nd edn.). Karaj, Iran: Agricultural Education Publishing. 336 p
Norsworthy, JK, Oliveira, MJ (2006) Sicklepod (Senna obtusifolia) germination and emergence as affected by environmental factors and seeding depth. Weed Sci 54:903909
Nosratti, I, Alizadeh, H, Rahimian, H (2011) Effect of some adjuvants on overcoming antagonistic effects of spray carrier water quality on glyphosate and herbicide mixture 2,4-D+MCPA efficacy on licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra). Iranian J Weed Sci 7:4960
Reddy, KN, Singh, M (1992) Germination and emergence of hairy beggarticks (Bidens pilosa). Weed Sci 40:195199
Sabila, MH, Grey, TL, Webster, TM, Vencill, WK, Shilling, DG (2012) Evaluation of factors that influence Benghal dayflower (Commelina benghalensis) seed germination and emergence. Weed Sci 60:7580
Schutte, BJ, Tomasek, BJ, Davis, AS (2014) An investigation to enhance understanding of the stimulation of weed seedling emergence by soil disturbance. Weed Res 54:112
Sharma, MP, Born, WHV (1978) The biology of Canadian weeds. 27. Avena fatua L. Can J Plant Sci 58:141157
Shaw, DR, Mack, RE, Smith, CA (1991) Redvine (Brunnichia ovata) germination and emergence. Weed Sci 39:3336
Silva, C, Parreira, M, Alves, P, Pavani, M (2009) Aspectos germinativos de capim-camalote (Rottboellia cochinchinensis). Planta Daninha 12:273281
Singh, M, Ramirez, AH, Sharma, SD, Jhala, AJ (2012) Factors affecting the germination of tall morningglory (Ipomoea purpurea). Weed Sci 60:6468
Vaisi, M, Minbashi, MM, Sabeti, P, Mohammadi, AR (2013) Evaluation the community structure, species variation, and distribution map of weeds of rainfed wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) of Kermanshah. J Weed Ecol 1:5568
Wei, DD, Cheng, D, Liu, WB, Liu, T, Yang, XH, Zheng, YH (2015) Adequate potassium application enhances salt tolerance of moderate-halophyte Sophora alopecuroides . Plant Soil Environ 61:364370
Wu, X, Li, J, Xu, H, Dong, L (2015) Factors affecting seed germination and seedling emergence of Asia minor bluegrass (Polypogon fugax). Weed Sci 63:440447
Zhou, J, Deckard, EL, Messersmith, CG (2005) Factors affecting eastern black nightshade (Solanum ptycanthum) seed germination. Weed Sci 53:651656

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Environmental Factors Affecting Seed Germination and Seedling Emergence of Foxtail Sophora (Sophora alopecuroides)

  • Iraj Nosratti (a1), Sahar Amiri (a1), Alireza Bagheri (a1) and Bhagirath Singh Chauhan (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.