Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Dissipation of Fluometuron and Trifluralin Residues After Long-term Use

  • Billy R. Corbin (a1), Marilyn McClelland (a1), Robert E. Frans (a1), Ronald E. Talbert (a1) and Diana Horton (a1)...

Abstract

Existing long-term cotton experiments established in 1976 with minimum and intensive herbicide programs were subdivided in 1985 and 1986 to determine the longevity of fluometuron and trifluralin soil residues after discontinuing herbicide application. In monoculture cotton, seed cotton yield increased when herbicide use was discontinued in 1985 and 1986 after 9 and 10 yr of continuous use, respectively, on a Sharkey silty clay and a Dundee silt loam soil. Yield increases coincided with reductions of fluometuron and trifluralin soil residues. Fluometuron dissipated from the Dundee silt loam soil by 10 mo after the last application but was present in the Sharkey silty clay soil at 0.20 ppmw after 28 mo. Trifluralin did not totally dissipate from either soil, and low levels were present in the Dundee (0.05 ppmw) and Sharkey (0.13 ppmw) soils 30 mo after the last application. Visual injury to fall-seeded wheat and vetch decreased as herbicide residues dissipated. Fall tillage had no significant effect on the rate of fluometuron or trifluralin dissipation from either soil but reduced seed cotton yields.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Abernathy, J. R. and Keeling, J. W. 1979. Efficacy and rotational crop response to levels of herbicide applications. Weed Sci. 27:312317.
2. Bardsley, C. E., Savage, K. E., and Childers, V. O. 1967. Trifluralin behavior in soil. I. Toxicity and persistence as related to organic matter. Agron. J. 59:159160.
3. Bouchard, D. C., Lavy, T. L., and Marx, D. B. 1982. Fate of metribuzin, metolachlor, and fluometuron in soil. Weed Sci. 30:629632.
4. Brewer, F., Lavy, T. L., and Talbert, R. E. 1982. Effect of three dinitroaniline herbicides on rice (Oryza sativa) growth. Weed Sci. 30:153158.
5. Bridge, R. R. and Meredith, W. R. Jr. 1983. Comparative performance of obsolete and current cotton cultivars. Crop Sci. 23:949952.
6. Darding, R. L. and Freeman, J. F. 1968. Residual phytotoxicity of fluometuron in soils. Weed Sci. 16:226229.
7. Green, T. R. 1978. The effects of herbicides used in monocultural production of cotton and soybeans on four fall-seeded crops. M.S. Thesis. Univ. Arkansas, Fayetteville. 36 pp.
8. Hamilton, K. C. and Arle, H. F. 1972. Persistence of herbicides in fallow desert croplands. Weed Sci. 20:573576.
9. Hayes, R. M., Hoskinson, P. E., Overton, J. R., and Jeffery, L. S. 1981. Effect of consecutive annual application of fluometuron on cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). Weed Sci. 29:120123.
10. Jackson, A. W., Jeffery, L. S., and McCutchen, T. C. 1978. Tolerance of soybeans (Glycine max) and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) to fluometuron residue. Weed Sci. 26:454458.
11. Mattice, J. D. and Lavy, T. L. 1982. Rapid high performance liquid chromatographic method for determining trace levels of fluometuron in soil. J. Chromatogr. 250:109112.
12. Meredith, W. R. Jr. 1982. The cotton yield problem: Changes in cotton yields since 1950. Proc. Beltwide Cotton Prod.-Mech. Conf. Pages 3538.
13. Miller, J. H., Keeley, P. E., Carter, C. H., and Thullen, R. J. 1975. Soil persistence of trifluralin, benefin, and nitralin. Weed Sci. 23:211214.
14. Oliver, L. R. and Frans, R. E. 1968. Inhibition of cotton and soybean roots from incorporated trifluralin and persistence in soil. Weed Sci. 16:199203.
15. Patterson, M. G., Buchanan, G. A., Walker, R. H., and Patterson, R. M. 1982. Fluometuron in soil solution as an indicator of its efficacy in three soils. Weed Sci. 30:688691.
16. Probst, G. W., Golab, T., Herberg, R. J., Holzer, F. J., Parka, S. J., van der Schans, C., and Tepe, J. B. 1967. Fate of trifluralin in soils and plants. J. Agric. Food Chem. 15:592599.
17. Rogers, C. B., Talbert, R. E., and Frans, R. E. 1986. Effect of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) carryover on subsequent crops. Weed Sci. 34:756760.
18. Rogers, C. B., Talbert, R. E., Mattice, J. D., Lavy, T. L., and Frans, R. E. 1985. Residual fluometuron levels in three Arkansas soils under continuous cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) production. Weed Sci. 34:122130.
19. Savage, K. E. and Wauchope, R. D. 1974. Fluometuron adsorption-desorption in soil. Weed Sci. 22:106110.
20. Savage, K. E. and Barrentine, W. L. 1969. Trifluralin persistence as affected by depth of soil incorporation. Weed Sci. 17:349352.
21. Scott, H. D., Keisling, T. C., Waddle, B. A., Williams, R. W., and Frans, R. E. 1990. Effects of winter cover crops on yield of cotton and soil properties. Ark. Agric. Exp. Stn. Bull. 924. 21 pages.
22. Scott, H. D., Rutledge, E. M., and Miley, W. N. 1983. Effect of tillage on soil physical properties. Arkansas Farm Res. 32:5.
23. Sharp, T., Frans, R. E., and Talbert, R. E. 1982. Persistence of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) herbicides and injury to replacement soybeans (Glycine max) after stand failure. Weed Sci. 30:109115.
24. Shea, P. J. 1985. Detoxification of herbicide residues in soil. Weed Sci. 33(Suppl. 2):3341.
25. Tisdale, S. L. and Nelson, W. C. 1975. Cropping systems and soil management. Pages 550591 in Soil Fertility and Fertilizers. 3rd ed. The MacMillan Co., New York.
26. Upchurch, R. P. and Mason, D. D. 1962. The influence of soil organic matter on the phytotoxicity of herbicides. Weeds 10:914.
27. Wiese, A. F., Chenault, E. W., and Hudspeth, E. B. Jr. 1969. Incorporation of preplant herbicides for cotton. Weed Sci. 17:481483.

Keywords

Dissipation of Fluometuron and Trifluralin Residues After Long-term Use

  • Billy R. Corbin (a1), Marilyn McClelland (a1), Robert E. Frans (a1), Ronald E. Talbert (a1) and Diana Horton (a1)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed