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Difference in Herbicide Resistance to Various Taxonomic Populations of Common Lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) and Late-Flowering Goosefoot (Chenopodium strictum) in Hungary

  • Peter Solymosi (a1), Endre Lehoczki (a2) and Gábor Laskay (a2)

Abstract

Various populations of common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L. # CHEAL) and late-flowering goosefoot (Chenopodium strictum Roth. # CHESG) plants were studied at the eight-to ten-leaf stage. Prior to measurement of fluorescence induction, the detached leaves were vacuum infiltrated with unformulated atrazine [6-chloro-N-ethyl-N′-(1-methylethyl)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine], diuron [N′-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea], and pyrazon [5-amino-4-chloro-2-phenyl-3(2H)-pyridazinone]. The fluorescence induction measurements were then made 1 h after adaptation in the dark. The fluorescence induction curves of intact leaves were recorded with a laboratorybuilt apparatus. A xenon lamp was used to produce the actinic beam. Cytological tests were done on meristematic cells of the root tips of the seedlings treated in 2 nM 8-hydroxyquinoline. The cytotypes were hexaploids (among which were atrazine-susceptible, pyrazon-susceptible, atrazine-resistant, and pyrazon-tolerant populations), and tetraploids (among which were atrazine-susceptible and atrazine-tolerant populations).

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Keywords

Difference in Herbicide Resistance to Various Taxonomic Populations of Common Lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) and Late-Flowering Goosefoot (Chenopodium strictum) in Hungary

  • Peter Solymosi (a1), Endre Lehoczki (a2) and Gábor Laskay (a2)

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