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Critical Period of Quackgrass (Elytrigia repens) Removal in Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum)

  • R. Baziramakenga (a1) and Gilles D. Leroux (a1)

Abstract

Field trials were carried out in 1989 and 1990 at St-Augustin, near Québec City, Canada, to determine the critical periods of quackgrass control in potato submitted to three levels of infestation. Potato yield losses due to quackgrass interference increased with quackgrass infestation and length of duration of interference. Quackgrass interference influenced marketable tuber yields more than total tuber yields. Duration of the critical period varied depending on the level of quackgrass infestation and year. Based on an arbitrary 5% level of marketable yield loss, the critical period started at ca. 15 days after emergence (DAE) of potato at low level of infestation, and at ca. 3 DAE at medium level of infestation. At high level of infestation, the critical period began prior to the emergence of potato. The end of the critical period of quackgrass removal was extremely variable across quackgrass infestation level and year and ranged from 23 to 68 DAE of potato at a 5 % yield loss level. It appears that onset of interference varied less than the end of it, indicating that early quackgrass control is necessary to prevent yield loss.

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Keywords

Critical Period of Quackgrass (Elytrigia repens) Removal in Potatoes (Solanum tuberosum)

  • R. Baziramakenga (a1) and Gilles D. Leroux (a1)

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