Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Characteristics of Atrazine-Resistant Biotypes of Three Grass Weeds

  • Tuvia Yaacoby (a1), Mordechay Schonfeld (a2) and Baruch Rubin (a2)

Abstract

Three triazine-resistant biotypes of grass weeds, hood canarygrass (Phalaris paradoxa L. # PHAPA), ryegrass (Lolium rigidum Gaud.), and slender foxtail (Alopecurus myosuroides Huds. # ALOMY) were collected along roadsides on the coastal plain of Israel that had been treated repeatedly with s-triazine herbicides. Resistant biotypes (R) survived up to 4 kg ai/ha of atrazine [6-chloro-N-ethyl-N′-(1-methylethyl)-1,3,5-triazine-2,4-diamine] applied pre-and postemergence, while susceptible (S) biotypes were killed by 0.25 kg/ha. R and S biotypes were equally sensitive to diuron [N′-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-N,N-dimethylurea]. Electron transport in chloroplasts isolated from R biotypes was not affected by atrazine, whereas in S biotypes electron transport was inhibited 50% by 0.4 to 1.0 μM atrazine. Chloroplasts from both biotypes were equally sensitive to diuron. These data indicate that the R biotypes have a plastidic mode of resistance to atrazine. In addition, seedlings of R biotypes exhibited resistance to triazinone herbicides. The R biotype of hood canarygrass was more tolerant to postemergence application of diclofop {(±)-2-[4-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenoxy] propanoic acid}.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Amirav, A. 1979. The interaction between rates of diclofop methyl and concentrations of the wetting agent agrotin and its effect on wheat and gramineous weeds. Phytoparasitica 7: 148.
2. Arntzen, C. J., Pfister, K., and Steinback, K. E. 1982. The mechanism of chloroplast triazine resistance: alterations in the site of herbicide action. Pages 185214 in Le Baron, H. M. and Gressel, J., eds. Herbicide Resistance in Plants. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
3. Bandeen, J. D., Stephenson, G. R., and Cowett, E. R. 1982. Discovery and distribution of herbicide resistant weeds in North America. Pages 931 in Le Baron, H. M. and Gressel, J., eds. Herbicide Resistance in Plants. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
4. Buhler, D. S. and Burnside, O. C. 1983. Effect of spray components on glyphosate toxicity to annual grasses. Weed Sci. 31:124130.
5. Chow, P.N.P. and LaBerge, D. E. 1978. Wild oat herbicide studies. 2. Physiological and chemical changes in barley and wild oat treated with diclofop-methyl herbicide in relation to plant tolerance. J. Agric. Food Chem. 26:11341137.
6. Eshel, Y. 1978. Selective control of graminaceous weeds in spring wheat. Phytoparasitica 6:7177.
7. Fletcher, R. A. and Drexler, D. M. 1980. Interaction of diclofop-methyl and 2,4-D in cultivated oats (Avena sativa). Weed Sci. 28:363366.
8. Gressel, J., Ammon, H. U., Fogelfors, H., Gasquez, J., Kay, Q.O.N., and Kees, H. 1982. Discovery and distribution of herbicide-resistant weeds outside North America. Pages 3155 in Le Baron, H. M. and Gressel, J., eds. Herbicide Resistance in Plants. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
9. Gressel, J., Regev, Y., Malkin, S., and Kleifeld, Y. 1983. Characterization of an s-triazine-resistant biotype of Brachypodium distachyon . Weed Sci. 31:450456.
10. Le Baron, H. M. 1983. Herbicide resistance in plant – an overview. Weeds Today 14:46.
11. Le Baron, H. M. and Gressel, J. 1982. Editors' Notes. Pages XVXVII in Le Baron, H. M. and Gressel, J., eds. Herbicide Resistance in Plants. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
12. Ratliff, R. L., Peeper, T. E., and Nofziger, D. L. 1983. Early preplant application of SSH-0860. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 36:151.
13. Ryan, G. F. 1970. Resistance of common groundsel to simazine and atrazine. Weed Sci. 18:614616.
14. Shimabukuro, R. H., Frear, D. S., Swanson, H. R., and Walsh, W. C. 1971. Glutathione conjugation: an enzymatic basis for atrazine resistance in corn. Plant Physiol. 47:1014.
15. Souza Machado, V. 1982. Inheritance and breeding potential of triazine tolerance and resistance in plants. Pages 257273 in Le Baron, H. M. and Gressel, J., eds. Herbicide Resistance in Plants. John Wiley and Sons, New York.
16. Souza Machado, V., Arntzen, C. J., Bandeen, J. D., and Stephenson, G. R. 1978. Comparative triazine effect upon system II photochemistry in chloroplasts of two common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album) biotypes. Weed Sci. 26:318322.
17. Upstone, M. E., Swann, N. B., and Stichbury, R. 1982. Control of Alopecurus myosuroides in UK by autumn application of chlorsulfuron plus methabenzthiazuron in winter wheat. Proc. 1982 Br. Crop Prot. Conf. – Weeds 2:629636.
18. Vaculin, P. D. and Merkle, M. G. 1983. Control of ryegrass in wheat with BAY SSH-0860. Proc. South. Weed Sci. Soc. 36: 131.
19. Weiss, Y. 1984. Selective control of grass and broadleaf weeds in wheat. (Hebrew). Proc. 9th Conf. Weed Sci. Soc. Israel. Page 55.
20. Wilson, B. J. and Scott, J. L. 1982. Population trends of Avena fatua and Alopecurus myosuroides on a commercial arable and dairy farm. Proc. 1982 Br. Crop Prot. Conf. – Weeds 2:619628.
21. Yaacoby, T., Schonfeld, M., and Rubin, B. 1984. Atrazine resistance developed in several grass weeds following repeated application of roadside in Israel. Abstr. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. Page 105.

Keywords

Characteristics of Atrazine-Resistant Biotypes of Three Grass Weeds

  • Tuvia Yaacoby (a1), Mordechay Schonfeld (a2) and Baruch Rubin (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.