Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Calculating the Threshold Temperature of Development for Weeds

  • Ann M. Wiese (a1) and Larry K. Binning (a1)

Abstract

Weed seeds were germinated in incubators at constant temperatures ranging from 4 to 32 C increments. Percent germination per day was regressed against temperature with the x-intercept representing the low threshold temperature for development. Low threshold temperatures for development (low TTD's) calculated for wild proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L. # PANMI), barnyardgrass [Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. # ECHCG], common lambsquarters (Chenopodium album L. # CHEAL), and redroot pigweed (Amaranthus retroflexus L. # AMARE) were 6.9, 9.7, 6.0, and 10.0 C, respectively.

Copyright

References

Hide All
1. Andersen, R. N. 1968. General information on weed propagation. Pages 16 in Andersen, R. N., ed. Germination and Establishment of Weeds for Experimental Purposes. W. H. Humphrey Press, Inc., Geneva, NY.
2. Arnold, C. Y. 1959. The determination and significance of the base temperature in a linear heat unit system. Proc. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci. 74:430445.
3. Barfield, C. S., Mitchell, E. R., and Poe, S. L. 1978. A temperature-dependent model for fall armyworm development. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 71:7074.
4. Basselt, I. J. and Crompton, C. W. 1978. The biology of Canadian weeds. 32. Chenopodium album L. Can. J. Plant Sci. 58:10611072.
5. Brown, D. M. 1960. Soybean ecology. I. Development-temperature relationships from controlled environment studies. Agron. J. 9:493496.
6. Burgert, K. L. and Burnside, O. C. 1972. Optimum temperature for germination and seedling development of black nightshade. North Cent. Weed Control Conf. Res. Rep. 29:5657.
7. Buttery, B. R. and Buzzell, R. I. 1974. Evaluation of methods used in computing net assimilation rates of soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill. Crop Sci. 14:4144.
8. Chu, C., Ludford, P. M., Ozbun, J. L., and Sweet, R. D. 1978. Effects of temperature and competition on the establishment and growth of redroot pigweed and common lambsquarters. Crop Sci. 18:308310.
9. Coultas, J. and Behrens, R. 1983. Growth characteristics of wild proso millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) in Minnesota. Proc. North Cent. Weed Control Conf. 38:37.
10. Eckenrode, C. J., Vea, E. V., and Stone, K. W. 1975. Population trends of onion maggots correlated with air thermal unit accumulations. Environ. Entomol. 4:785789.
11. Gilmore, E. C. and Rogers, J. S. 1958. Heat units as a method of measuring maturity in corn. Agron. J. 50:611615.
12. Hurd, R. G. 1977. Vegetative plant growth analysis in controlled environments. Ann. Bot. 41:779787.
13. Katz, Y. H. 1952. The relationship between heat unit accumulation and the planting and harvesting of canning peas. Agron. J. 44:7478.
14. King, L. J. 1966. The establishment of weeds: seed structure, germination, and seedling ecesis. Pages 115161 in Weeds of the World: Biology and Control. Interscience Publishers, Inc., New York.
15. Lana, E. P. and Haber, E. S. 1952. Seasonal variability as indicated by cumulative degree hours with sweetcorn. Proc. Am. Hortic. Sci. 59:389392.
16. Michael, J. L., Fawcett, R. S., and Taylor, S. E. 1984. Effects of soil temperature on early growth of giant foxtail (Setaria faberi Herrm.) and velvetleaf (Abutilon theophrasti Medic.). Abstr. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. 24:9.
17. Nussbaum, E. S., Wiese, A. F., Crutchfield, D. E., Chenault, E. W., and Lavake, D. 1985. The effects of temperature and rainfall on emergence and growth of eight weeds. Weed Sci. 33:165170.
18. Orwick, P. L., Schreiber, M. M., and Holt, D. A. 1978. Stimulation of foxtail (Setaria viridis var. robusta-alba) and (Setaria viridis var. robusta-purpurea) growth: the development of SETSIM. Weed Sci. 26:691699.
19. Sanborn, S. M., Wyman, J. A., and Chapman, R. K. 1982. Threshold temperature and heat unit summations for seedcorn maggot development under controlled conditions. Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 75:103106.
20. Sharpe, P.J.H. and DeMichele, D. W. 1977. Reaction kinetics of poikilotherm development. J. Theor. Biol. 64:649670.
21. Sivakumar, M.V.K. and Shaw, R. H. 1978. Methods of growth analysis in field grown soybeans [Glycine max (L.) Merrill.]. Ann. Bot. 42:213222.
22. Stinner, R. E., Gutierrez, A. P., and Butler, G. D. Jr. 1974. An algorithm for temperature-dependent growth rate stimulation. Can. Entomol. 106:519524.
23. Stoller, E. W. and Wax, L. M. 1973. Periodicity of germination and emergence of some annual weeds. Weed Sci. 21:574580.
24. Wang, J. Y. 1960. A critique of the heat unit approach to plant response studies. Ecology. 41:785790.
25. Wiese, A. M. and Binning, L. K. 1982. Heat units, a possible predictor for seedling weed growth. Abstr. Weed Sci. Soc. Am. 22:9293.
26. Wiese, A. M. and Binning, L. K. 1982. Effect of tillage date on weed spectrum emerging. Proc. North Cent. Weed Control Conf. 37:11.

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed