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Buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris) Responses to Tebuthiuron

  • Wayne T. Hamilton (a1) and Charles J. Scifres (a1)

Abstract

Tebuthiuron (N-[5-(1,1-dimethylethyl)-1,3,4-thiadiozol-2-yl]-N,N′-dimethylurea} pellets (20% ai) applied at 0.6, 1.1, or 2.2 kg ai/ha in the spring at two locations and in the fall at a third location on the South Texas Plains did not significantly decrease buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris L. # PESCI) standing crop or foliar cover compared to untreated areas. Buffelgrass standing crop was reduced for 8 months after application of 3.3 and 4.4 kg ai/ha of tebuthiuron to a sandy clay loam in the spring, but the same rates did not reduce standing crop after application to clay loam in the fall. However, buffelgrass foliar cover was reduced following application of 3.3 kg ai/ha or more of the herbicide, regardless of soil. Tebuthiuron applied at 2.2, 3.3, or 4.4 kg ai/ha to sandy clay loam soils killed buffelgrass plants in spots, but production by larger surviving plants compensated for reduction in plant density where 2.2 or 3.3 kg ai/ha were applied.

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References

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Buffelgrass (Cenchrus ciliaris) Responses to Tebuthiuron

  • Wayne T. Hamilton (a1) and Charles J. Scifres (a1)

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