Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

An Early-Killed Rye (Secale cereale) Cover Crop Has Potential for Weed Management in Edamame (Glycine max)

  • Laura E. Crawford (a1), Martin M. Williams (a2) and Sam E. Wortman (a3)

Abstract

The potential role of fall-seeded cover crops for weed management in edamame [soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr.] is unknown. Field experiments were conducted over three edamame growing seasons to (1) determine the extent to which cover crop–residue management systems influence edamame emergence while selectively suppressing weed density and biomass, and (2) determine whether cultivars differed in emergence in cover crop–residue management systems. Cover crop treatments included a winter-killed oilseed radish (Raphanus sativus L.), two canola (Brassica napus L.) treatments (early-killed and late-killed), two cereal rye (Secale cereale L.) treatments (early-killed and late-killed), and a bare-soil control. Two spring timings of a cover crop burndown application created the early-killed and late-killed treatments for canola and cereal rye. Twelve soybean cultivars were tested, including 11 edamame cultivars differing in seed size and a grain-type soybean control. Spring residue biomass in cover crop treatments ranged from 438 kg ha−1 for winter-killed radish to 9,003 kg ha−1 for late-killed cereal rye. Cultivars responded similarly to cover crop treatments, and with the exception of late-killed cereal rye, cover crop treatments resulted in similar crop emergence as the bare-soil control. While all cover crop treatments reduced weed biomass 6 wk after planting compared with the bare soil, winter-killed radish and both canola treatments increased weed density. Early-killed cereal rye has potential for weed management in edamame, as evidenced by the fact that the treatment did not interfere with planting or crop establishment, yet reduced weed density 20% and suppressed early-season weed growth 85%.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      An Early-Killed Rye (Secale cereale) Cover Crop Has Potential for Weed Management in Edamame (Glycine max)
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      An Early-Killed Rye (Secale cereale) Cover Crop Has Potential for Weed Management in Edamame (Glycine max)
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      An Early-Killed Rye (Secale cereale) Cover Crop Has Potential for Weed Management in Edamame (Glycine max)
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

Author for correspondence: Martin M. Williams II, USDA-ARS, Global Change and Photosynthesis Research Unit, Urbana, IL 61801. (Email: martin.williams@ars.usda.gov)

Footnotes

Hide All
a

current: Assistant Professor, Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, University of Nebraska–Lincoln, Lincoln, NE 68588

Footnotes

References

Hide All
Belfrey, KD, Trueman, C, Vyn, RJ, Loewen, SA, Van Eerd, LL (2017) Winter cover crops on processing tomato yield, quality, pest pressure, nitrogen availability, and profit margins. PLoS ONE 12. doi:10.1371/pone0180500
Davis, A (2010) Cover-crop roller-crimper contributes to weed management in no-till soybean. Weed Sci 58:300309
DeVore, JD, Norsworthy, JK, Brye, KR (2013) Influence of deep tillage, a rye cover crop, and various soybean production systems on Palmer amaranth emergence in soybean. Weed Technol 27:263270
Duppong, LM, Hatterman-Valenti, H (2005) Yield and quality of vegetable soybean cultivars for production in North Dakota. HortTechnology 15:896900
Forcella, F (2013) Short- and full-season soybean in stale seedbeds versus rolled-crimped winter rye mulch. Renew Agri Food Syst 29:9299
Haramoto, ER, Brainard, DC (2012) Strip tillage and oat cover crops increase soil moisture and influence N mineralization patterns in cabbage. HortScience 47:15961602
Haramoto, ER, Gallandt, ER (2004) Brassica cover cropping for weed management: a review. Renew Agri Food Syst 19:187198
Harker, KN, O’Donovan, JT (2013) Recent weed control, weed management, and integrated weed management. Weed Technol 27:111
Hill, EC, Renner, KA, Sprague, CL, Davis, AS (2016) Cover crop impact on weed dynamics in an organic dry bean system. Weed Sci 64:261275
Hox, JJ (2002) Multilevel Analysis: Techniques And Application. 1st ed. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum. Pp 2226
Kornecki, TS, Raper, RL, Arriaga, FJ, Schwab, EB, Bergtold, JS (2009) Impact of rye rolling direction and different no-till row cleaners on cotton emergence and yield. Am Soc Agr Biol Eng 52:383391
Lawley, YE, Teasdale, JR, Weil, RR (2012) The mechanism for weed suppression by a forage radish cover crop. Agron J 104:205214
Lawley, YE, Weil, RR, Teasdale, JR (2011) Forage radish cover crop suppresses winter annual weeds in fall and before corn planting. Agron J 103:137144
Liebl, R, Simmons, FW, Wax, LM, Stoller, EW (1992) Effect of rye (Secale cereale) mulch on weed control and soil moisture in soybean (Glycine max). Weed Technol 6:838846
Mehring, GH, Stenger, JE, Hatterman-Valenti, HM (2016) Weed control with cover crops in irrigated potatoes. Agronomy 6:3
Moore, MJ, Gillespie, TJ, Swanton, CJ (1994) Effect of cover crop mulches on weed emergence, weed biomass, and soybean (Glycine max) development. Weed Technol 8:512518
Myers, MW, Curran, WS, Vangessel, MJ, Majek, BA, Scott, BA, Mortensen, DA, Calvin, DD, Karsten, HD, Roth, GW (2005) The effect of weed density and application timing on weed control and corn grain yield. Weed Technol 19:102107
Price, AJ, Monks, CD, Culpepper, AS, Duzy, LM, Kelton, JA, Marshall, MW, Steckel, LE, Sosnoskie, LM, Nichols, RL (2016) High-residue cover crops alone or with strategic tillage to manage glyphosate-resistant Palmer amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) in southeastern cotton (Gossypium hirsutum). J Soil and Water Conserv 71:111
Ryan, MR, Mirsky, SB, Mortensen, DA, Teasdale, JR, Curran, WS (2011) Potential synergistic effects of cereal rye biomass and soybean planting density on weed suppression. Weed Sci 59:238246
Sánchez, E, Kelley, K, Butler, L (2005) Edamame production as influenced by seedling emergence and plant population. HortTechnology 15:672676
Scursoni, JA, Forcella, F, Gunsolus, J (2007) Weed escapes and delayed weed emergence in glyphosate-resistant soybean. Crop Prot 26:212218
Weil, R, White, C, Lawley, Y (2009) Forage Radish: New Multi-purpose Cover Crop for the Mid-Atlantic. College Park, MD: University of Maryland Cooperative Extension. 6 p
Williams, MM (2015a) Managing weeds in commercial edamame production: current options and implications. Weed Sci 63:954961
Williams, MM (2015b) Phenomorphological characterization of vegetable soybean germplasm lines for commercial production. Crop Sci 55:12741279
Williams, MM, Nelson, RL (2014) Vegetable soybean tolerance to bentazon, fomesafen, imazamox, linuron, and sulfentrazone. Weed Technol 28:601607
Wortman, SE, Francis, CA, Bernards, MA, Blankenship, EE, Lindquist, JL (2013) Mechanical termination of diverse cover crop mixtures for improved weed suppression in organic cropping systems. Weed Sci 61:162170
Zimdahl, RL (2004) Weed-Crop Competition: A Review. Oxford, UK: Blackwell. Pp 5775

Keywords

An Early-Killed Rye (Secale cereale) Cover Crop Has Potential for Weed Management in Edamame (Glycine max)

  • Laura E. Crawford (a1), Martin M. Williams (a2) and Sam E. Wortman (a3)

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed